- Machine generated contents note: I.Initial Observations on the Peaceful Resolution of International Disputes -- 1.Importance and Context -- a.Disputes are Normal, but Give Rise to Various Dangers -- b.Ways of Containing Disputes within the Margins of Internationally Acceptable Behaviour -- c.Nineteenth-Century Mechanisms for Dealing with Disputes -- d.The Emergence of International Law on the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes -- e.The Peaceful Settlement of Disputes as a Collective Interest -- f.Relative Weakness of the Law on the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes -- g.Consent as a Governing Principle of Dispute Resolution -- h.Procedures for the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes -- 2.Chapter VI of the United Nations Charter -- a.Links between the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes and Non-recourse to the Use of Force Further Examination) -- b.Types of Dispute Envisaged by the Charter -- c.A Duty to Seek a Solution to the Dispute? -- d.The Field to which Chapter VI Applies (Articles 33 et seq) -- e.Seising the Organs of the UN -- f.Action by the Security Council or the General Assembly -- g.Overall Summary -- II.Origins and Environment of the International Court of Justice at The Hague -- 1.Arbitration and Organised Justice: Creation of the Permanent Court of International Justice in 1920 -- a.From Arbitration to International Justice -- b.Difference between Arbitration and International Justice -- 2.The Transition in 1945 from the Permanent Court of International Justice to the International Court of Justice -- a.Reasons for Dissolving the PCIJ -- b.The Process of Creating the ICJ -- c.Establishment of the ICJ -- 3.The International Court of Justice as the Principal Judicial Organ of the United Nations and of Public International Law -- a.The Court as the Principal Judicial Organ of the United Nations -- b.The Court as Organ of Public International Law -- 4.The Main International Jurisdictions based at The Hague -- a.Other International Tribunals -- b.A Digression: Definition of `International Tribunal' -- III.The Texts Governing the Court's Activities -- 1.Constitutive Texts: The Statute and the Charter -- a.The Significance of Constitutive Texts -- b.Peremptory Character of the Statute -- c.Revision of the Statute -- d.Denouncing or Withdrawing from the Statute -- e.Participation in the Statute by States which are not UN Members -- 2.The Rules: Derivative Provisions -- a.What are the Rules? -- b.Peremptory Character and Modification of the Rules -- c.Subordination to the Statute -- 3.Subordinate Texts: Practice Directions -- a.Reasons for Issuing Practice Directions -- b.Content of Practice Directions -- IV.Composition of the Court -- 1.The Bench -- a.Fifteen Judges -- b.Nationalities of the Judges -- c.Judges from States that are not UN Members -- d.Personal Qualities of the Judges -- e.Representation of the Main Forms of Civilization and the Principal Legal Systems of the World -- f.Ad hoc Judges -- g.Irremovibility, Resignation and Incompatibility of Judges -- h.Quorum -- 2.Electing the Judges -- 3.Chambers of the Court -- a.General Observations -- b.Types of Chambers -- c.Relations between the Chambers and the Court -- d.Jurisdiction of Chambers -- e.Functioning and Procedure -- 4.The Registry -- V.Contentious Procedure: Inter-State Disputes -- 1.First Steps in a Case -- a.Seising the Court -- b.Conditions for the Validity of the Document Initiating the Proceedings -- c.The Court's Non-formalist Attitude to the Requirements for Starting a Case -- d.Cases Brought by Non-parties to the Statute -- e.Recommencing a Case -- f.Striking from the Court's List -- g.Effects of Starting Proceedings -- h.Amendment of Initial Claims/Requests -- i.The Court's Inherent Power to Decide the True Scope of a Claim -- 2.Discontinuing a Case -- a.The Object of Discontinuance and the Provisions of the Rules -- b.Formal Requirements for Discontinuance -- c.The Court's Practice -- d.Effects of Bilateral Character of Discontinuance -- e.The `Final' Nature of a Discontinuance -- f.The Parties' Agreement to a Discontinuance is Binding on the Court -- g.Discontinuance by Virtue of Argument or Pleading? -- 3.Validity of Seising the Court, Jurisdiction of the Court and Admissibility of an Application -- a.Is the Court Validly Seised? (renvoi) -- b.The Distinction between Jurisdiction and Admissibility -- c.The Distinction between Competence and Jurisdiction -- d.The Distinction between General and Special Competence and General and Special Admissibility -- e.The Personal, Material, Temporal and Spatial Spheres of Competence and Admissibility -- f.Questions relating to Competence -- g.Questions of Admissibility -- 4.Preliminary Objections -- a.Definition of a Preliminary Objection -- b.Preliminary Objections and Substantive Defences -- c.Formalities for Presenting Preliminary Objections -- d.Effects of Preliminary Objections: Scope of Decisions -- e.The Not-exclusively-preliminary Character of an Objection (the Old `Joining to the Merits') -- f.The Priority of Preliminary Objections to Jurisdiction over those relating to Admissibility and the Priority of Preliminary Objections of a Peremptory Nature over Other Ones -- g.The Principle that the Court is Free to Choose the Order in which it examines Objections in the Same Category -- h.Objections that are Necessarily `Pre-preliminary'? -- i.Objections necessarily `post-preliminary' (ie objections which in reality are by their very nature defences on the merits)? -- 5.Personal Jurisdiction (ratione personae): Who can Appear before the Court as a Party? -- a.General Aspects -- b.`Only states...', Article 34, Paragraph 1 of the Statute -- c.Participation by International Organisations in Exchanges of Information: Paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 34 -- d.Member States of the United Nations which are ipso facto Parties to the Statute, Article 93, Paragraph 1 of the Charter and Article 35, Paragraph 1 of the Statute -- e.States which are not UN Members but are parties to the Statute, Article 93, Paragraph 2 of the Charter and Article 35, Paragraph 1 of the Statute -- f.States which are not Parties to the Statute, Article 35, Paragraphs 2 and 3 of the Statute -- g.Effect of Non-recognition of a State -- 6.Subject-matter Jurisdiction (ratione materiae): Which Cases can the Court Decide? -- a.The Concept of Subject-matter Jurisdiction -- b.Existence of a Dispute -- c.Legal nature of a Dispute -- d.Digression: The Old Distinction between Justiciable Disputes (Legal) and Non-justiciable Ones (Political) -- e.The Application of Public International Law to Disputes -- f.Judgment ex aequo et bono -- 7.Consensual Jurisdiction (ratione consensus): When can the Court decide a Case? -- a.The Concept and Place of Consensual Jurisdiction -- b.Consent through Bilateral or Unilateral Acts. Optional and Compulsory Jurisdiction. Consent Prior to or After the Start of a Dispute -- c.The Absence of Formalism -- d.Exceptions to the Principle of Consent? -- e.First Head of Jurisdiction: Treaties for the Peaceful Resolution of Disputes -- f.Second Head of Jurisdiction: Compromissory Clauses -- g.Third Head of Jurisdiction: The Optional Clause of Compulsory Jurisdiction -- h.Fourth Head of Jurisdiction: Special Agreements -- i.Fifth Head of Jurisdiction: The forum prorogatum -- j.The Overall Position -- 8.Freedom to use Some Other Mode of Dispute Resolution even where there is `Compulsory Jurisdiction' -- 9.Limitation of the Court's Jurisdiction if the Subject of the Dispute affects the Rights and Obligations of Third States which have not Consented to it -- a.General Aspects -- b.Exercise of Jurisdiction Generally Prevented: the Monetary Gold Principle -- c.Inadmissibility of Applications affecting the Legal Interests of Third Parties? -- d.Specific Duty to take account of the Rights and Obligations of Third Parties: Jurisprudence on Boundary Delimitation -- 10.Concurrent Titles of Jurisdiction -- 11.`Transitional' Jurisdiction under Article 36, paragraph 5, and Article 37 of the Statute -- a.General Considerations -- b.Article 36, paragraph 5 -- c.Article 37 -- 12.Jurisdiction as to Jurisdiction -- 13.The Principle of the Forum Perpetuum or Perpetuatio Fori -- 14.Provisional Measures of Protection -- a.General Aspects -- b.Historical Aspects -- c.The Purpose of Provisional Measures -- d.Material Conditions for the Indication of Provisional Measures -- e.Procedure for the Indication of Provisional Measures -- f.Effects of Provisional Measures -- g.Provisional Measures in Advisory Opinion Cases -- h.The Role of the Security Council in the Context of Provisional Measures -- i.`Positive' or `Negative' Derogation from the Power under Article 41 of the Statute? -- 15.Counterclaims -- a.Concept and General Aspects -- b.Conditions for the Acceptance of a Counterclaim -- c.Procedural Aspects -- d.Compatibility with the Statute of the Rules and Judicial Practice -- 16.Default Procedure -- a.General Features -- b.Field of, and Conditions for, the Application of Article 53 -- c.Particular Obligations under Article 53, Paragraph 2 of the Statute -- d.Particular Aspects -- 17.Intervention by Third States -- a.General Features -- b.Intervention under Article 62 of the Statute -- c.Intervention under Article 63 of the Statute -- 18.The Power to Pronounce a non liquet -- 19.Judgments and Orders by Consent -- 20.Declaratory Judgments -- 21.Effects of the Decision -- a.Definitions and Conceptual Features: The Force of res judicata, Binding Character of the Judgment and its Execution -- b.Legal Scope of Article 59 of the Statute -- 22.Interpretation of the Judgment -- a.General Features -- b.Conditions for Interpretation -- c.Procedure -- d.Imperative Character of Article 60 -- 23.Revision of a Judgment -- a.General Features -- b.Requirements for Revision -- c.Procedure -- d.Imperative Character of Article 61 -- 24.Implementation of the Judgment -- a.General Observations --
Contents note continued: b.The Parties' Obligation to Execute the Judgment (Article 94, paragraph 1 of the Charter) -- c.Mechanisms for Forcing Compliance with a Judgment (Article 94, paragraph 2 of the Charter) -- d.Overview and Perspectives -- 25.The Court's Competence as an `Appellate' Body (Supervisory Jurisdiction) -- a.General Points, including Typology -- b.Value and Dangers of the Court's `Appellate' Proceedings -- c.Jurisdiction and Procedure -- d.Degree of Cognisance -- e.Overview -- 26.Jurisdiction to Review the Legality of Acts of Other United Nations Organs, particularly the Security Council -- a.General Aspects -- b.History of the Question -- c.Arguments for and against Judicial Review -- d.Competences within the UN System -- e.Modalities of Review by the Court -- f.Effects of the Court's Pronouncement -- g.Perspectives -- 27.The Competence of the Security Council to order a Party not to Seise the Court -- VI.General Principles applicable to Contentious Proceedings -- 1.The Principle `ne eat judex ultra petita partium' -- a.Definition, Nature and Scope of the Principle -- b.Limitations of the Principle -- c.Action infra petita -- 2.Questions concerned with Establishing the Facts, in particular the Burden of Proof -- a.General Aspects -- b.The Principle of Free Assessment of the Evidence -- c.The General Rule `onus probandi incumbit actori' -- d.Limitations to the General Rule on Burden of Proof -- e.The Principle that the Parties must Cooperate with the Court to establish the Relevant Facts -- f.Standard of Proof -- 3.The Parties' `Duty of Loyalty' inter se -- a.General Aspects -- b.The Duty of Loyalty derived from the Principle of Good Faith -- c.Prohibition of Abuse of Process -- d.Estoppel -- e.The Maxim `nemo ex propria turpitudine commodum capere potest' (No-one can profit from his own wrongdoing) -- VII.Procedural Aspects of Contentious Cases -- 1.The Concept and Purpose of `Procedure' -- 2.The Various Stages of the Procedure, from the Application to the Decision (Seising the Court, Written Phase, Oral Phase, Deliberation, Judgment) -- 3.The Agents of the Parties -- 4.Orders of the Court -- 5.The Languages of the Court -- 6.Public Character of the Proceedings -- 7.Joinder or Consolidation of Cases -- 8.Costs -- 9.The Process of Judicial Decision-making -- 10.Individual and Dissenting Opinions -- VIII.Advisory Opinion Procedure: Opinions given to certain Organs of, or Affiliated to, the United Nations -- 1.What is an Advisory Opinion? -- a.Concept and Function of an Advisory Opinion -- b.Texts Governing the Advisory Function -- c.Origins of the Advisory Function in the Days of the PCIJ -- d.From the PCIJ to the ICJ -- e.Questions of Jurisdiction and Admissibility in the Context of Advisory Opinion Cases -- 2.Seising the Court: Who can Request an Advisory Opinion? -- a.Authorised Organs -- b.Organs which have not been Authorised: the Secretary-General -- c.Entities that are not Authorised: States -- d.Persons not Authorised: Individuals -- 3.The Court's Jurisdiction: When can the Court give an Advisory Opinion? -- a.General Aspects -- b.Authorisation of the Requesting Organ -- c.The `Legal Question' -- d.Consent of the Parties when a Request is made for an Advisory Opinion on a Currently Pending Dispute between Them -- e.Interpretation and Reformulation of the Question by the Court -- 4.Admissibility of the Request: What Conditions must it Satisfy? -- 5.The Non-existent Discretionary Character of the Opinion: Is the Court Bound to Render One? -- a.State of the Jurisprudence -- b.Travaux Preparatoires and Texts -- c.Legal Doctrine -- d.The Concept of a `Discretionary Power' -- e.Critique of the Idea that the Court has a Discretionary Power -- 6.Legal and Political Effects of Advisory Opinions -- a.General Effects of Advisory Opinions -- b.Binding and Executory Advisory Opinions -- 7.Procedure for Advisory Opinions -- a.General Aspects -- b.Steps in the Procedural Process -- c.Miscellaneous Questions -- 8.Overall Assessment -- IX.General Principles governing the Court's Contentious and Advisory Procedures -- 1.The Fundamental Principle of Equality as between the Parties -- a.General Considerations -- b.Equality as a Constitutional Principle -- c.Equality as a Principle of Reciprocity -- d.Equality as a Procedural Principle -- 2.The Maxim concerning the `Proper Administration of Justice' -- a.General Observations -- b.Specific Functions of the Principle -- c.General Function of the Principle: Limits of Judicial Integrity (Negative Aspect) and Balancing of Interests (Positive Aspect) -- X.The Court's Jurisprudence and its Current Trends -- 1.The Court's Contribution: The Development of a `Jurisprudence' -- 2.General Overview: Jurisprudential Phases and Major Decisions -- a.Particular Features of the PCIJ's Jurisprudence -- b.The ICJ: General Considerations -- c.First Phase of the ICJ's Activities: Dynamism and Internationalism (1947--62) -- d.The ICJ's Second Phase: Proceduralist Jurisprudence and a Trend towards Stagnation (1966--86) -- e.Third Phase of the ICJ: Renaissance and Hyperactivity (1986--the Present Day) -- 3.The Handling of Precedents and the Technique of Distinguishing Them -- 4.Techniques of Judicial Activism and Judicial Restraint -- XI.Miscellaneous Questions -- 1.The Court's Publications -- 2.The Court's Finances -- 3.Diplomatic Privileges and Immunities of Members of the Court -- 4.The Court's Extra-judicial Activities -- 5.The Court and the Wider Public -- 6.Relations between the Court and Other International Courts and Tribunals -- 7.The Question of Reforming the Court -- XII.Conclusion: The Future of the International Court of Justice -- Annex to the Conclusion -- Annex I The Statute -- Annex II The Rules -- Annex III Practice Directions.
- 9781849462631 (hbk.)
- "Translated and lightly updated from the French original, R. Kolb, La cour international de justice (Paris, Pedone, 2013), by Alan Perry"--Half title page.
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references (pages 1275-1281) and index.
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