A. F. Fix & Co. cigar manufacturer's ledger
- Corporate Author:
- A. F. Fix & Co.
- Physical Description:
- 1 volume : cloth ; 36 cm
- Restrictions on Access:
- Unrestricted access.
- This 300-page business ledger for cigar manufacturer A.F. Fix and Company lists the names of employees (largely female cigar rollers) and their respective daily output of cigars on 62 pages (the rest are blank) from January 1930 to May 1934. Also includes twenty-six loose papers, 1931-1932, mostly order slips plus some tabulations.
- In Historical Collections and Labor Archives, University Libraries, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa. (#HCLA 9554)
- Source of Acquisition:
- Purchased from Dan Casavant Rare Books, 2014.
- Administrative History:
- A. F. Fix & Co. manufactured cigars in Dallastown, York County, Pennsylvania. The Dallastown business directory listed the company as early as 1901, and the York City Directory listed it as late as 1933 but not in 1935. The cigar industry in York County reached its peak in the mid-1920s as county workers produced more than 550,000,000 cigars each year. Mechanization, consolidation, mergers, and government regulations began to change the cigar industry as the Great Depression decimated companies across the nation. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal program, initiated with his election in 1933, encouraged farmers to cut back on their cultivation of tobacco. About the same time the Cigar Makers Union gained a foothold and the industry underwent a restructuring. In 1933, the cigar industry in York County employed 10,000 workers in about 300 cigar and cigar box factories, not including the hundreds of small one- or two-person operations. In 1934, most of the cigar factories were closed for a short time while officials awaited operational guidelines from the National Recovery Administration; even though the NRA codes were declared unconstitutional, the government had struck a serious blow to the industry. In 1935, machines displaced more than 500 workers and by 1936 there were only 300 cigar factories in York and Adams counties, with the number of cigar operations dwindling steadily in succeeding years until by 1991 there were only eight remaining in York County.
View MARC record | catkey: 11942570