Transport, Relaxation, and Kinetic Processes in Electrolyte Solutions [electronic resource] / by Pierre Turq, Josef M. G. Barthel, Marius Chemla
- Lecture Notes in Chemistry, 0342-4901 ; 57
- I: Basic Concepts -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Systems in Thermodynamic Equilibrium -- 1.3 Electrolyte Solutions -- 1.4 Preliminary Remarks on Transport Processes -- II: Coupled Processes and Chemical Reactions in Solutions -- 2.1 Continuity Equations -- 2.2 Mass Conservation -- 2.3 Constitutive Equations -- 2.4 Solutions of the Basic Transport Equations -- 2.5 Normal Modes -- 2.6 Coupled Diffusion -- III: Hydrodynamic Properties -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 General Aspects of Hydrodynamics -- 3.3 Inviscid Fluids -- 3.4 Viscous Incompressible Fluids -- 3.5 Stokes Approximation -- 3.6 Hydrodynamic Interactions of Moving Spheres -- IV: Excess Quantities -- 4.1 Distribution and Correlation Functions -- 4.2 Debye-Hückel Limiting Law -- 4.3 Activity Coefficients -- 4.4 Chemical Model -- 4.5 Electrolyte Solutions at Moderate to High Concentrations -- 4.6 Hydrodynamic Interactions -- V: The Role of Ion Aggregation and Micelle Formation Kinetics in Diffusional Transport of Binary Solutions -- 5.1 Diffusional Transport of Symmetrical Electrolytes -- 5.2 Some Remarks on the Diffusional Transport of Symmetrical Electrolytes -- 5.3 Diffusional Transport of Unsymmetrical Electrolytes -- 5.4 Monomer-Micelle Exchange in Micelle Diffusion -- 5.5 Concluding Remarks -- VI: Diffusion, Migration and Chemical Reactions in Electrolyte Solutions beyond Ideality -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Electrolyte Conductance -- 6.3 Apparent Ionic Charge -- 6.4 Experimental Contributions to the Apparent Charge Concept -- 6.5 Solutions of Complex Electrolytes -- 6.6 Electrophoretic Transport and Exchange Reactions -- VII: Relaxation. Processes in High Frequency Electromagnetic Fields -- 7.1 Fundamental Equations -- 7.2 Electric Polarization -- 7.3 Response Functions and Relaxation Times -- 7.4 Relaxation Processes in Solvents and Their Electrolyte Solutions.
- The subject of this book is the treatment of transport phenomena in electrolyte solutions and their natural coupling with ionic reactions. The topic is treated at the level of lectures for 3rd year undergraduate students in physical chemistry. The knowledge in statistical mechanics, hydrodynamics and electrodynamics needed for the understanding of the book as well as the necessary mathematical techniques are introduced in a simple and concise way. Treatment of coupled transport and kinetic processes is introduced with normal modes analysis yielding a clear separation of relaxation and propagative modes. The book is conceived at the level of one-particle hydrodynamic continuity equations. Extension beyond the level of ideal multicomponent systems are given at the level of chemical model (CM) and mean spherical approximation (MSA) calculations.
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