- Scope and Method of Study. This study was designed to develop and explore a measure for delineating factors which are viewed as responsible for a therapist trainee's decision to pursue a psychotherapy model. Additionally, it was devised to explore the correlates of a particular choice of a psychotherapy model among therapist trainees with such variables as sex, race, father's occupational level, religion, childhood residence, most favored psychotherapeutic method, professional influences and associations, undergraduate department and location, graduate department, type of training and/or supervision, length and number of client contacts, and personal values and evaluations. Measures of these variables were derived from participants' responses to the Questionnaire on Preferences for Psychotherapeutic Methods, Background Data Form, and the "Ways To Live" Questionnaire.
Participants for this investigation were 62 therapist trainees at The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania. All participants were recruited from a compiled list of names of graduate students who participated in the clinical training programs of The Pennsylvania State University's Psychological Clinic and/or Mental Health Clinic within the past four years. A factor analysis was computed to identify salient components of therapist trainees' choice to become competent in a specific psychotherapeutic method of treatment for 62 participants. A Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient was computed for the 116 questionnaire items. Analysis of the factors associated with therapy choice and variables was also performed utilizing the Pearson product-moment correlation technique.
Findings and Conclusions. An eight-factor solution resulted from the factor analysis. The factorial structure was defined as follows: (I) Directive, Expeditious, Teachable, Scientific, Popular. (II) Listening, Communicating. (III) Student/Teacher Concordance. (IV) Flexibility, Adaptability. (V) Long-Term Treatment with Personal Gain. (VI) Satisfaction of Therapist's Personal Needs. (VII) Need to Love and to be Loved. (VIII) Therapist Ideational Congruity.
Significant correlations were found between (1) Factor I, being nonreligious, a graduate psychology major, making more client contacts, and valuing group participation and self-control, (2) Factor II and being a black female, (3) Factor III and being a non-psychology undergraduate major, (4) Factor IV, being black, and unable to value giving exclusive allegiance to anyone, (5) Factor V, valuing independence, and being unable to value the integration of action, enjoyment, and contemplation, (6) Factor VI and having a father with a low occupational level, (7) Factor VII, attending an undergraduate school in the northeast, and being unable to value the domination and conquest of objects in one's environment, and (8) Factor VIII and being unable to value group participation.
- Dissertation Note:
- Ph.D. The Pennsylvania State University 1980.
- Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 41-10, Section: B, page: 3893.
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