- The present study tested the hypothesis that patients with chronic urticaria (hives) would respond to hypnosis with diminished signs and symptoms. Responsivity to such treatment was predicted only for patients who were hypnotizable according to the Barber Creative Imagination Scale. The experimental treatment suggested to patients that wheals, itching and discomfort would decrease and then disappear. The dependent variables selected were number of wheals, self-reported itch severity and itch duration. A control condition was included in the design in order to separate treatment effects from time or placebo effects. All subjects received both experimental and control conditions.
Results show that hypnosis was followed by a statistically significant reduction in itch severity and duration but not by a reduction in number of wheals. However, these changes were not related to hypnotizability. Hypnotizability was related to symptom exacerbation following the control condition.
- Dissertation Note:
- Ph.D. The Pennsylvania State University 1981.
- Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 42-07, Section: B, page: 3003.
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