THE INTEGRATION OF A COMPUTER-BASED GUIDANCE SYSTEM IN A COLLEGE COUNSELING CENTER: A COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTS OF "DISCOVER" AND INDIVIDUAL COUNSELING UPON CAREER PLANNING
- GARIS, JEFFREY WILLIAM
- Physical Description:
- 154 pages
- Additional Creators:
- Pennsylvania State University
- The purpose of this study was to consider the effects on career planning of the DISCOVER Computer-Based Career Guidance and Counselor Support System for college students and individual career counseling., Treatments were DISCOVER use alone, individual career counseling only, and combined DISCOVER/counseling use. A wait-listed no treatment control condition was also included. Treatments were unstructured in that subjects were able to engage in their treatment as much as desired during a five-week period., Measures of progress in career planning included the Survey of Career Development, a Confidence and Progress in Educational/Career Planning Questionnaire, Alternative Generating and Information Seeking Behavior Log, and CU Form of the Career Development Inventory., Sixty-two (62) subjects who were first and second year college students completed their assigned treatment as well as all pretests and posttests. Subjects in the DISCOVER condition completed an average of 4.00 modules of the DISCOVER program, the counseling only condition was involved in an average of 1.82 one-hour counseling sessions while the combined treatment condition completed an average of 3.87 DISCOVER modules and 2.33 counseling sessions., and Analyses of variance and covariance indicated a significant treatment group effect on 11 of 14 scores of progress in career planning. The LSD follow-up procedure was employed for preplanned comparisons of specific groups. The following results were observed: (a) all treatments produced positive effects upon subjects' career planning, (b) both DISCOVER use only and individual career counseling only were equivalent in exerting a positive influence upon career planning progress, (c) the DISCOVER use treatment contributed to greater use of the career library than the counseling only condition, (d) the career counseling treatment was more effective than DISCOVER use in stimulating contacts with career resource persons, (e) treatments indicated no effects upon competency in decision making or occupational knowledge, and (f) indications that the combined DISCOVER/counseling treatment produced stronger effects upon career planning progress than either of its separate components were inconclusive. Many criteria demonstrated no significant differences among treatments while one measure indicated that the combined treatment produced the strongest effects upon involvement in career planning.
- Dissertation Note:
- Ph.D. The Pennsylvania State University 1982.
- Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 43-07, Section: A, page: 2236.
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