- Traditional research efforts, as well as society, have long conceptualized, classified, and divided behaviors in terms of bipolarities and dualities. Historically, it has been assumed that an individual's sex-role behavior and/or cognitive (problem-solving) behavior fell somewhere on a continuum between the extremes of two identified dimensions. The bipolar extremes identified with regard to sex-role behavior were masculinity and feminity while those dimensions associated with analytic cognitive behavior were the factual, specific extreme and the global, feelings extreme. It has also been assumed that whatever behaviors apply to males that the opposite behaviors should therefore apply to females. These assumptions have led to the strongly held belief that males were more logical and factual in their cognitive orientation and females would naturally be more global and feelings oriented.
An existing multidimensional model of sex-role behaviors was utilized to develop a corollary multidimensional model to identify individual cognitive behaviors. As multidimensional theory models, they each had dimensions classified in terms of traditional bipolarities as well as high- and low-degree combinations.
This study examined the relationship between the four dimensions identified with sex-role behavior characterized by the terms "systematic," "intuitive," "switcher," and "undifferentiated" with the dimensions of analytic cognitive behavior characterized by the terms "masculinity," "femininity," "androgyny," and "undifferentiated." In addition, this study examined the relationship of biological sex to problem-solving behavior. The study consisted of 201 volunteer undergraduate college subjects composed of 92 females and 109 males. Several paper-and-pencil instruments were utilized in addition to videotaped behavioral observations. Analysis of data utilized a chi-square tests to examine relationships between variables of sex-role behavior and analytic cognitive behavior. A t-test was utilized to determine differences in males and females with respect to specific problem-solving behavior. The major findings of this study do not support the theory that relationships exist between dimensions of sex-role behavior and dimensions of cognitive behavior. In addition, the findings do not report discrepancies between the problem-solving behaviors of males and females.
- Dissertation Note:
- D.ED. The Pennsylvania State University 1983.
- Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 44-01, Section: A, page: 6000.
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