Analysis of Flow Cytometry DNA Damage Response Protein Activation Kinetics Following X-rays and High Energy Iron Nuclei Exposure [electronic resource].
- Berkeley, Calif. : Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2010.
Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy.
- Additional Creators:
- Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and United States. Department of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information
- Restrictions on Access:
- Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- We developed a mathematical method to analyze flow cytometry data to describe the kinetics of γH2AX and pATF2 phosphorylations ensuing various qualities of low dose radiation in normal human fibroblast cells. Previously reported flow cytometry kinetic results for these DSB repair phospho-proteins revealed that distributions of intensity were highly skewed, severely limiting the detection of differences in the very low dose range. Distributional analysis reveals significant differences between control and low dose samples when distributions are compared using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Radiation quality differences are found in the distribution shapes and when a nonlinear model is used to relate dose and time to the decay of the mean ratio of phosphoprotein intensities of irradiated samples to controls. We analyzed cell cycle phase and radiation quality dependent characteristic repair times and residual phospho-protein levels with these methods. Characteristic repair times for γH2AX were higher following Fe nuclei as compared to X-rays in G1 cells (4.5 ± 0.46 h vs 3.26 ± 0.76 h, respectively), and in S/G2 cells (5.51 ± 2.94 h vs 2.87 ± 0.45 h, respectively). The RBE in G1 cells for Fe nuclei relative to X-rays for γH2AX was 2.05 ± 0.61 and 5.02 ± 3.47, at 2 h and 24-h postirradiation, respectively. For pATF2, a saturation effect is observed with reduced expression at high doses, especially for Fe nuclei, with much slower characteristic repair times (>7 h) compared to X-rays. RBEs for pATF2 were 0.66 ± 0.13 and 1.66 ± 0.46 at 2 h and 24 h, respectively. Significant differences in γH2AX and pATF2 levels comparing irradiated samples to control were noted even at the lowest dose analyzed (0.05 Gy) using these methods of analysis. These results reveal that mathematical models can be applied to flow cytometry data to uncover important and subtle differences following exposure to various qualities of low dose radiation.
- Report Numbers:
- E 1.99:lbnl-4400e
- Other Subject(s):
- Published through SciTech Connect.
Radiation Research ISSN 0033-7587; RAREAE FT
Universities Space Research Association; Chappell, Lori J.; Whalen, Mary K.; Gurai, Sheena; Ponomarev, Artem; Cucinotta, Francis A.; Pluth, Janice M.
Life Sciences Division
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