Innovative development. 1, HAE UAV ACTD program description and comparative analysis [electronic resource] : Global Hawk and DarkStar / Robert S. Leonard, Jeffrey A. Drezner
- Leonard, Robert S.
- Additional Titles:
- Innovative development . 1, High altitude endurance unmanned aerial vehicle advanced concept technology demonstration program description and comparative analysis : Global Hawk and DarkStar and Global Hawk and DarkStar : HAE UAV ACTD program description and comparative analysis
- Santa Monica, CA : RAND, 2002.
- Physical Description:
- xxviii, 134 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
- Additional Creators:
- Drezner, Jeffrey A., Project Air Force (U.S.), Rand Corporation, and United States. Air Force
- Restrictions on Access:
- License restrictions may limit access.
- Introduction -- Program Description: The Plan and What Actually Happened -- One Requirement: Unit Flyaway Price -- Comparison to Other Systems -- Conclusions -- Appendix A: Defining Program Phases and Content -- Appendix B: Cost, Schedule, and Activity Content Changes by Phase and from Phase Start -- Appendix C: Cost, Schedule, and Activity Content Changes by Program and from ACTD Start -- Appendix D: Complete ACTD Cost and Schedule.
- Over the past three decades, efforts to develop unmanned aerial vehicles have been severely hampered by escalating costs, slipped schedules, and disappointing operational results. Recently, however, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, in conjunction with the Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office, launched an initiative -- designated the High-Altitude Endurance Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (HAE UAV ACTD) program -- whose objective was to overcome these deficits through the use of a new and innovative acquisition policy. This report evaluates several key elements of this new strategy toward the goal of determining how they affected the development of two air vehicles: the first a conventional vehicle (Global Hawk) and the second a low-observable configuration (DarkStar). The authors found that the ACTD approach required that the entire development effort be planned at the program's inception, which proved to be a detriment to the effort as a whole. In addition, the program's single requirement -- a $10 million unit flyaway price -- proved unattainable and was eventually abandoned. At the same time, the authors found that the program's designation as an ACTD, its use of Other Transaction Authority, and its delegation of considerable management responsibility to contractors greatly streamlined the oversight process and lent considerable flexibility to the effort. As a direct result of these factors, the Global Hawk program was judged to have successfully and cost-effectively produced a continuous, all-weather, wide-area surveillance capability for future warfighters. The authors thus conclude that although the DarkStar program was canceled before its capabilities could be fully demonstrated, the HAE UAV ACTD program was in aggregate a success.
- "Project Air Force."
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references (p. 133-134).
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