Uptake of explosives from contaminated soil by existing vegetation at the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant [electronic resource].
- Washington, D.C. : United States. Dept. of Defense, 1995.
Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy.
- Physical Description:
- 33 pages : digital, PDF file
- Additional Creators:
- Argonne National Laboratory
United States. Department of Defense
United States. Department of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information
- This study examines the uptake of explosives by existing vegetation growing in soils contaminated with 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and 1,3,5-trinitro-3,5-triazine (RDX) in three areas at the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant (IAAP). To determine explosives uptake under natural environmental conditions, existing plant materials and soil from the root zone were sampled at different locations in each area, and plant materials were separated by species. Standard methods were used to determine the concentrations of explosives, their derivatives, and metabolites in the soil samples. Plant materials were also analyzed. The compound TNT was not detected in the aboveground portion of plants, and vegetation growing on TNT-contaminated soils is not considered a health hazard. However, soil and plant roots may contain TNT degradation products that may be toxic; hence, their consumption is not advised. The compound RDX was found in the tops and roots of plants growing on RDX-contaminated soils at all surveyed sites. Although RDX is not a listed carcinogen, several of its potentially present degradation products are carcinogens. Therefore, the consumption of any plant tissues growing on RDX-contaminated sites should be considered a potential health hazard.
- Published through SciTech Connect.
": U.S.Army Environmental Center"
Zellmer, S.D.; Schneider, J.F.; Chen, D.; Tomczyk, N.A.; Banwart, W.L.; Rastorier, J.R.
- Funding Information:
View MARC record | catkey: 14142121