Generalized river model tests with heated effluent at Bonneville Hydraulics Laboratory [electronic resource].
- Washington, D.C. : United States. Dept. of Energy, 1958.
Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy.
- Physical Description:
- 20 pages : digital, PDF file
- Additional Creators:
- General Electric Company, United States. Department of Energy, and United States. Department of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information
- Restrictions on Access:
- Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- The distribution of the heated effluents discharged by Hanford reactors to the Columbia River has been a matter of interest since the early design stage of the first reactors. The pattern of this distribution is a major factor in determining the extent to which a downstream reactor is affected by those upstream, as well as the localized effects on the ecology of the river. Pollutional characteristics of the effluents are three - heat load (or temperature increase), chemical contents and radioactivity. The latter has received the greatest attention in connection with potential personnel exposure and effects on river biota; it has been assumed however, and generally confirmed by sampling that the measure of distribution of any one of these characteristics in the saw an for the others. Observed distributions of radioactivity for various river and reactor flow rates are documented. Unfortunately, any extrapolation of those observed distributions to altered flow conditions of river regimes is of questionable validity. Mathematical models of the problem have been formulated but have been of little value due to the necessity of measuring certain parameters under the conditions for which a solution is desired. Even so, calculated distributions provide only general patterns and would not be expected to provide quantitative data where local disturbances intervene as is the case at the reactor intakes and around many of the river islands, The desirability, or even necessity, of using a river scale model for investigations of potential flow and river conditions has been discussed a number of times in the past several years, particularly in connection with establishing a minimum acceptable river flow for dilution of Hanford effluents The necessary funds have not been available, however.
- Report Numbers:
- E 1.99:hw--57671
- Other Subject(s):
- Published through SciTech Connect.
- Type of Report and Period Covered Note:
- Topical; 10/01/1958 - 10/01/1958
- Funding Information:
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