Feasibility of conducting wetfall chemistry investigations around the Bowen Power Plant [electronic resource].
- Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1979. and Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy.
- Physical Description:
- Pages: 83 : digital, PDF file
- Additional Creators:
- Oak Ridge National Laboratory and United States. Department of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information
- Restrictions on Access:
- Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- The feasibility of expanding the Meteorological Effects of Thermal Energy Releases - Oak Ridge National Laboratory (METER-ORNL) research at Bower Power Plant, a coal-fired power plant in northwest Georgia, to include wetfall chemistry is evaluated using results of similar studies around other power plants, several atmospheric washout models, analysis of spatial variability in precipitation, and field logistical considerations. An optimal wetfall chemistry network design is proposed, incorporating the inner portion of the existing rain-gauge network and augmented by additional sites to ensure adequate coverage of probable target areas. The predicted sulfate production rate differs by about four orders of magnitude among the models reviewed with a pH of 3. No model can claim superiority over any other model without substantive data verification. The spatial uniformity in rain amount is evaluated using four storms that occurred at the METER-ORNL network. Values of spatial variability ranged from 8 to 31% and decreased as the mean rainfall increased. The field study of wetfall chemistry will require a minimum of 5 persons to operate the approximately 50 collectors covering an area of 740 km/sup 2/. Preliminary wetfall-only samples collected on an event basis showed lower pH and higher electrical conductivity of precipitation collected about 5 km downwind of the power plant relative to samples collected upwind. Wetfall samples collected on a weekly basis using automatic samplers, however, showed variable results, with no consistent pattern. This suggests the need for event sampling to minimize variable rain volume and multiple-source effects often associated with weekly samples.
- Published through SciTech Connect., 10/01/1979., "ornl/tm-6930", and Chen, N.C.J.; Patrinos, A.A.N.
- Funding Information:
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