Sorption Characteristics of Aqueous Co(II) on Preformed Iron Ferrite Impregnated into Phenolsulphonic Formaldehyde Resin [electronic resource].
- Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy, 2002.
- Physical Description:
- 14 pages : digital, PDF file
- Additional Creators:
- United States. Department of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information
- A series of stepwise procedures to prepare a new organic-inorganic composite magnetic resin with phenolsulphonicformaldehyde and freshly formed iron ferrite was established, based upon wet-and-neutralization method for synthesizing iron ferrite and pearl-polymerization method for synthesizing rigid bead-type composite resin. The composite resin prepared by the above method shows stably high removal efficiency (maximally over 3.1 meq./gresin) to Co(II) species from wastewater in a wide range of solution pH. The wide range of applicable solution pH (i.e. pH 4.09 to 10.32) implies that the composite resin overcomes the limitations of the conventional ferrite process that is practically applicable only to alkaline conditions. It has been found that both ion exchange (by the organic resin constituent) and surface adsorption (by the inorganic adsorbent constituent) are major reaction mechanisms for removing Co(II) from wastewater, but surface precipitation results in the high sorption capacity to Co(II) beyond normal ion exchange capacity of the phenolsulphonic-formaldehyde resin. Standard enthalpy change derived from van't Hoff equation is 32.0 kJ·mol-1 conforming to the typical range for chemisorption or ion exchange. In a wide range of equilibrium Co(II) concentration, the overall isotherm is qualitatively explained by the generalized adsorption isotherm concept proposed by McKinley. At the experimental conditions where the composite resin shows equivalent selectivity to Co(II) and other competing reagents (i.e. EDTA and Na), the ratios of Co(II) to other chemicals turn out to be 2:1 and 1:221, respectively. In addition, the selectivity of the PSF-F to Co(II) species is very high (about 72% of Co(II)-removal efficiency) even when the molar ratio of Co(II) to Ca(II) is 1:30. It is anticipated that the composite resin can also be used for column-operation with process-control by applying external magnetic field, since the rigid bead-type composite resin shows magnetic-susceptibility due to its paramagnetic inorganic constituent (i.e. iron ferrite).
- Published through SciTech Connect., 02/26/2002., Waste Management 2002 Symposium, Tucson, AZ (US), 02/24/2002--02/28/2002., Lee, K. J.; Kim, Y. K., Department of Nuclear Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology 373-1 Kusong-Dong, Yusong-Gu, Taejon 305-701 (KR), Radiation and Waste Safety Evaluation Department, Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety 19 Kusong-Dong, Yusong-Gu, Taejon 305-338 (KR), and Sponsor not identified (US)
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