A brief history of Islam in Europe : thirteen centuries of creed, conflict and coexistence / Maurits S. Berger
- Berger, Maurits
- [Leiden, Netherlands?] : Leiden University Press, 
- Physical Description:
- 354 pages ; 24 cm
- Machine generated contents note: 1.The Link to Today -- Collective Memory -- 2.`Islam' and `Europe' -- A Methodological Framework -- Europe -- Islam -- 3.Europe's Interaction with Islam -- `Physical' and `Virtual' Islam -- Five Periods -- Three Themes: Religion, Toleration, Othering -- ch. One Uncivilized Europe (700--1000 CE) -- I.Setting the Stage -- 1.Europe at the Dawn of the Muslim Conquests -- 2.The Islamic Empire -- II.Physical Islam -- 1.The Realm of Interaction -- Constantinople and the Byzantium Empire -- Al-Andalus: The Emirate and Caliphate of Cordoba -- Sicily -- 2.Living with the Unbeliever: Christians under Muslim Rule -- The Issue of Conversion -- Religious Rule -- Tolerance and Social Tensions -- 3.Other Relations and Contacts -- Wars and Raids -- Religious War? -- The Battle of Poitiers -- Diplomacy and Trade -- III.Virtual Islam -- Myths, Legends and Ignorance -- ch. Two Crusading Europe (1000--1500 CE) -- I.Setting the Stage -- 1.Economic Revival -- 2.Religious Revival -- 3.The Crusades -- II.Physical Islam -- 1.The Realm of Interaction -- Al-Andalus: Reconquista and Convivencia -- Sicily: Expulsion of Muslims -- Byzantium: The Loss of an Empire -- Latin Kingdoms: A Short-Lived Dream -- Tataristan and Lipka-Tatars -- 2.Living with the Unbeliever: Muslims under Christian Rule -- Conquering the Lands of the Infidel -- From Tolerant Segregation to Forced Assimilation -- 3.Social Tensions -- 4.Conversion -- 5.Other Relations and Contacts -- Commerce and Trade -- Slavery -- III.Virtual Islam -- 1.The Study and Legends of Islam -- 2.Polemics and Martyrdom -- 3.Culture and Technology -- ch. Three Divided Europe (1500--1700 CE) -- I.Setting the Stage -- 1.Europe: Reformation and National Self-Assertion -- 2.Rise of the Ottoman Empire -- II.Physical Islam -- 1.Living With the Unbeliever -- 1.1.Lipka Tartars in the Christian Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth -- 1.2.Ottoman Europe -- Settlement and Conversion -- Religious Rule -- 1.3.Moriscos in Catholic Spain -- 2.Other Relations and Contacts -- 2.1.Wars and Raids -- Holy Wars Revisited? -- Vienna 1683 -- Raiding and Piracy -- 2.2.Alliances and Treaties -- France and the Ottomans -- The Dutch Republic and the Moroccan Sultan -- 2.3.Trade -- 2.4.Slavery -- III.Virtual Islam -- 1.The Image of the `Turk' -- 2.Dealing with the `Turk' -- 3.Islam: `Better Turkish than Papish' -- ch. Four Powerful Europe (1700--1950 CE) -- I.Setting the Stage -- 1.Colonialism and Imperialism -- 2.The Demise of the Ottoman Empire -- II.Physical Islam -- 1.Living with the Unbeliever -- 2.The Combustible Mix of Capitulations, Millets and Nationalism -- Capitulations As a Political Tool -- Nationalism -- Reforms (Tanzimat) -- 3.Wars and Insurgencies -- Inter-State Conflicts -- Internal Conflicts -- The Role of Religion in Internal and Inter-State Conflicts -- Religious-Ethnic Cleansing -- 4.Diplomatic Relations and Trade -- 5.Muslim Sojourners: Students, Nationalists and Conscripts -- III.Virtual Islam -- 1.Eighteenth Century: Turquerie and Inclusive Othering -- Turquerie -- Studying Islam -- 2.Nineteenth Century: Orientalism and Exclusive Othering -- Vision of the Turk and Orientalism -- Studying Islam -- ch. Five Straggling Europe (1950-) -- I.Setting the Stage -- 1.A New Europe -- 2.Islam in the New Europe -- 3.Identity, Loyalty and Security -- II.Physical Islam -- 1.Living with the Unbeliever -- Counting Muslims -- Muslim Identity -- Conversion -- Visibility of Islam -- 2.Secular and Religious Rule -- European Secularism and Religious Freedom -- Tolerance: A Clash of Fundamental Rights -- 3.Wars and Terrorism -- The Yugoslavian Civil Wars -- Extremism and Terrorism -- 4.Europe and Its `Neighbourhood' -- Exporting Stability? -- Importing Extremism? -- Turkey and the European Union -- International Actions Against `Defamation of Islam' -- III.Virtual Islam -- 1.Images of Islam and Muslims -- Criticism and Islamophobia -- The `Third Wave' -- A Conflict of Values -- 2.The Study of Islam -- European Scholarship -- European Muslim Studies of Islam -- Epilogue: Islamization of Europe or Europanization of Islam? -- Historical Patterns -- Patterns into the Present -- To Be Extrapolated into the Future?.
- This book gives an overall presentation and discussion of the interaction between Europe and Islam ever since Islam appeared on the European stage thirteen centuries ago. The events and stories presented are to serve the understanding of present debates on, and notions of, Islam and Muslims in Europe. The leading questions in discussing the role of Islam in Europe are: how and in what ways did Europeans and Muslims interact and, for those Europeans who had never met a Muslim, what was their image of Islam, and how did they study the Muslim? Notions of religion, (in)tolerance and "Othering" are guiding themes. This book shows that in the course of thirteen centuries the Muslim as well as Islam has undergone many metamorphoses. The Muslim in Europe has been a conqueror, antichrist, scholar, benign ruler, corsair, tradesman and fellow citizen. The image of Islam has meandered accordingly, as a religion that was feared as an enemy or embraced as a partner against heretic Christians, despised as an abomination or admired as a civilization, and studied for missionary, academic, colonial or security purposes.
- 9789087281953 (pbk.)
- "Distributed in North American by the University of Chicago Press"--Title page verso.
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references (pages 305-342) and index.
- Source of Acquisition:
- Purchased with funds from the Class of 1984 Endowed Book Fund; 2014
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