Pilot-scale base hydrolysis processing of HMX-based plastic-bonded explosives [electronic resource].
- Washington, D.C. : United States. Dept. of Defense, 1997.
Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy.
- Physical Description:
- 17 pages : digital, PDF file
- Additional Creators:
- Los Alamos National Laboratory, United States. Department of Defense, and United States. Department of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information
- Restrictions on Access:
- Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- Los Alamos National Laboratory has demonstrated that many energetic materials can be rendered non-energetic via reaction with sodium hydroxide or ammonia. This process is known as base hydrolysis. A pilot scale reactor has been developed to process up to 20 kg of plastic bonded explosive in a single batch operation. In this report, we discuss the design and operation of the pilot scale reactor for the processing of PBX 9404, a standard Department of Energy plastic bonded explosive containing HMX and nitrocellulose. Products from base hydrolysis, although non-energetic, still require additional processing before release to the environment. Decomposition products, destruction efficiencies, and rates of reaction for base hydrolysis will be presented. Hydrothermal processing, previously known as supercritical water oxidation, has been proposed for converting organic products from hydrolysis to carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and nitrous oxide. Base hydrolysis in combination with hydrothermal processing may yield a viable alternative to open burning/open detonation for destruction of many energetic materials.
- Report Numbers:
- E 1.99:la-ur--97-4017
E 1.99: conf-9710162--
- Other Subject(s):
- Published through SciTech Connect.
NATO advanced research workshop, Prague (Czech Republic), 13-15 Oct 1997.
Bishop, R.L.; Kramer, J.F.; Uher, K.; Flesner, R.L.; Dell`Orco, P.C.; Spontarelli, T.; Skidmore, C.B.
- Funding Information:
View MARC record | catkey: 14656687