Stabilization of actinides and lanthanides in unusually high oxidation states [electronic resource].
- Los Alamos, N.M. : Los Alamos National Laboratory, 1986.
Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy.
- Physical Description:
- Pages: 35 : digital, PDF file
- Additional Creators:
- Los Alamos National Laboratory and United States. Department of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information
- Restrictions on Access:
- Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- Chemical environments can be chosen which stabilize actinides and lanthanides in unusually high or low oxidation states and in unusual coordination. In many cases, one can rationalize the observed species as resulting from strong charge/size influences provided by specific sites in host lattices (e.g., Tb(IV) in BaTbO/sub 3/ or Am(IV) in polytungstate anions). In other cases, the unusual species can be considered from an acid-base viewpoint (e.g., U(III) in AsF/sub 5//HF solution or Pu(VII) in Li/sub 5/PuO/sub 6/). In still other cases, an interplay of steric and redox effects can lead to interesting comparisons (e.g., instability of double fluoride salts of Pu(V) and Pu(VI) relative to U, Np, and Am analogues). Generalized ways to rationalize compounds containing actinides and lanthanides in unusual valences (particularly high valences), including the above and numerous other examples, will form the focus of this paper. Recently developed methods for synthesizing high valent f-element fluorides using superoxidizers and superacids at low temperatures will also be described. 65 refs., 8 figs., 9 tabs.
- Report Numbers:
- E 1.99:la-ur-86-2000
E 1.99: conf-860602-4
- Other Subject(s):
- Rare Earths
- Bond Lengths
- Radioactive Waste Disposal
- Charged Particles
- Fluorine Compounds
- Halogen Compounds
- Oxygen Compounds
- Titanium Compounds
- Transition Element Compounds
- Waste Disposal
- Waste Management
- Published through SciTech Connect.
17. rare earth research conference, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, 8 Jun 1986.
Penneman, R.A.; Eller, P.G.
- Funding Information:
View MARC record | catkey: 14760886