Evaluation of condensation-induced water hammer in preheat steam generators [electronic resource].
- Upton, N.Y. : Brookhaven National Laboratory, 1980.
Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy.
- Physical Description:
- Pages: 90 : digital, PDF file
- Additional Creators:
- Brookhaven National Laboratory
United States. Department of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information
- A review of Westinghouse 1/8-scale water hammer tests and data analysis was carried out. BNL has concluded that water hammers occurred in the feedwater line during many of the 1/8-scale tests. These events were probably caused by steam bubble entrapment and collapse in the partially-filled feedwater line. Recorded vessel pressure pulse activity under two-phase operating conditions was rare and, in those cases where pulses were recorded, the pressure pulse amplitudes were small. Either void collapse water hammers are unlikely events under these two-phase conditions, or events that did occur were attenuated in magnitude by the two-phase medium and internal structures before the pulse reached the pressure transducer. Pressure pulse attenuation in two-phase air-water media was studied experimentally at BNL. It was found that no significant attenuation could be detected in two-phase flows over distances of approximately 1 to 2 ft. The effects of internals, however, were not considered. The Westinghouse scaling laws have also been critically reviewed. An independent BNL analysis was carried out to verify the Westinghouse scaling laws. It has been found that the present state-of-the-art on the condensation heat transfer and the mechanism of vapor cavity formation precludes us from deriving any credible scaling criteria. However, it was found that under certain operating conditions the condensation-induced void collapse could be an oscillatory process. This may partially explain the apparent randomness of the water hammer phenomenon seen in most experimental studies.
- Published through SciTech Connect.
Saha, P.; Ginsberg, T.; Jones, O.C. Jr.; Wu, B.J.C.
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