Sandstone Depositional Models for Exploration for Fossil Fuels [electronic resource] / by George deVries Klein
- 1. Introduction -- 2. Fluvial Sand Bodies -- 1. Alluvial Fans -- 2. Braided Streams -- 3. Meandering Streams -- 4. Oil Gas Coal and Uranium and Gold Case Histories in Fluvial Sediments -- 3. Beach Barrier Sand Bodies -- 1. Depositional Processes -- 2. Origin of Barrier Islands -- 3. Ancient Examples -- 4. Oil Gas and Uranium Examples -- 4. Tidal Sand Bodies -- 1. Tidal Flats -- 2. Intertidal Sand Bodies -- 3. Shallow Subtidal Tide-Dominated Sand-Body Model -- 4. Examples of Ancient Tidal Flats and Sand Bodies -- 5. Oil Gas and Uranium Case Histories -- 5. Deltas -- 1. Depositional Hydraulics of River-Dominated Deltas -- 2. Mississippi Delta (River-Dominated) -- 3. Niger Delta -- 4. Tide-Dominated Deltas -- 5. Wave-Dominated Deltas -- 6. Deltaic Vertical Sequences -- 7. Ancient Deltas -- 8. Some Oil Field Examples -- 9. Coal -- 6. Turbidite Sandstone Bodies -- 2. Holocene Turbidites -- 3. Ancient Turbidites -- 4. Oil Field Examples.
- The purpose of this monograph is to provide participants in my various short courses with a brief statement of the material I cover in my lectures. In addition, key illustrations are reproduced for guidance. A brief bibliography of reference material is appended to each chapter. The bibliographic material includes those references that I consider critical to my remarks. No claim is made of topical or bibliographic completeness. This monograph also is intended as a brief summary of depositional processes, Holocene sediments, ancient counterparts of depositional environments, and examples of oil- and gas-bearing stratigraphic traps in five depositional environments. This summary is intended to complement lecture and reading courses dealing with sedimentology, depositional systems, sedimentary facies, sedimentary environments, sandstone diagenesis, and sedimentary modelling as a predictive tool for exploration. The student is cautioned, however, that this monograph is merely an introduction and summary overview of the subject. More complete treatments appear in standard textbooks. Sedimentology has changed and advanced over the past twenty-five years, in part because the American oil industry needed to make predictions about the occurrence of the harder-to-find stratigraphic traps. In addition, the development of plate-tectonic theory, and supportive data from the Deep Sea Drilling Project, have caused sedimentology to change from an essentially descriptive science to a mature, predictive science. The 1960s and 1970s in particular witnessed an explosion of new insights and understanding of how sediments are deposited, and how sedimentary rocks are formed.
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