Recent Climate and Ice-Sheet Changes in West Antarctica Compared with the Past 2,000 Years
- Vaughn, Bruce H.
- April 14, 2013.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Additional Creators:
- Burgener, Landon, Williams, Jessica, Markle, Bradley R., Neff, Peter D., White, James W., Hoffmann, Georg, Neumann, Thomas Allen, Fudge, Tyler J., Rupper, Summer B., Steig, Eric J., Taylor, Kendrick C., Gallant, Ailie J. E., Ding, Qinghua, Korotkikh, Elena, Schoenemann, Spruce W., Mayewski, Paul A., Dixon, Daniel A., Teel, Rebecca P., Schauer, Andrew J., Kuttel, Marcel, and Schneider, David P.
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- Changes in atmospheric circulation over the past five decades have enhanced the wind-driven inflow of warm ocean water onto the Antarctic continental shelf, where it melts ice shelves from below1-3. Atmospheric circulation changes have also caused rapid warming4 over the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, and contributed to declining sea-ice cover in the adjacent Amundsen-Bellingshausen seas5. It is unknown whether these changes are part of a longer-term trend. Here, we use waterisotope (Delta O-18) data from an array of ice-core records to place recent West Antarctic climate changes in the context of the past two millennia. We find that the 18O of West Antarctic precipitation has increased significantly in the past 50 years, in parallel with the trend in temperature, and was probably more elevated during the 1990s than at any other time during the past 200 years. However, Delta O-18 anomalies comparable to those of recent decades occur about 1% of the time over the past 2,000 years. General circulation model simulations suggest that recent trends in Delta O-18 and climate in West Antarctica cannot be distinguished from decadal variability that originates in the tropics. We conclude that the uncertain trajectory of tropical climate variability represents a significant source of uncertainty in projections of West Antarctic climate and ice-sheet change.
- Other Subject(s):
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 20150001452.
Nature Geoscience; Volume 6; No. 5; 372-375.
- Copyright, Distribution as joint owner in the copyright.
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