Mode Transitions in Magnetically Shielded Hall Effect Thrusters
- Hofer, Richard R.
- July 28, 2014.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Additional Creators:
- Huang, Wensheng, Kamhawi, Hani, 1969-, Jorns, Benjamin A., Gallimore, Alec D., Sekerak, Michael J., Polk, James E., and Longmier, Benjamin W.
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- A mode transition study is conducted in magnetically shielded thrusters where the magnetic field magnitude is varied to induce mode transitions. Three different oscillatory modes are identified with the 20-kW NASA-300MS-2 and the 6-kW H6MS: Mode 1) global mode similar to unshielded thrusters at low magnetic fields, Mode 2) cathode oscillations at nominal magnetic fields, and Mode 3) combined spoke, cathode and breathing mode oscillations at high magnetic fields. Mode 1 exhibits large amplitude, low frequency (1-10 kHz), breathing mode type oscillations where discharge current mean value and oscillation amplitude peak. The mean discharge current is minimized while thrust-to-power and anode efficiency are maximized in Mode 2, where higher frequency (50-90 kHz), low amplitude, cathode oscillations dominate. Thrust is maximized in Mode 3 and decreases by 5-6% with decreasing magnetic field strength. The presence or absence of spokes and strong cathode oscillations do not affect each other or discharge current. Similar to unshielded thrusters, mode transitions and plasma oscillations affect magnetically shielded thruster performance and should be characterized during system development.
- Other Subject(s):
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 20140011177.
AIAA Joint Propulsion Conference; 28-30 Jul. 2014; Cleveland, OH; United States.
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