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- Friction and wear experiments were conducted with elemental iron exposed to various corrosive media including two acids, base, and a salt. Studies involved various concentrations of nitric and sulfuric acids, sodium hydroxide, and sodium chloride. Load and reciprocating sliding speed were kept constant. With the base NaOH an increase in normality beyond 0.01 N resulted in a decrease in both friction and wear. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis of the surface showed a decreasing concentration of ferric oxide (Fe2O3) on the iron surface with increasing NaOH concentration. With nitric acid (HNO3) friction decreased in solutions to 0.05 N, beyond which no further change in friction was observed. The concentration of Fe2O3 on the surface continued to increase with increasing normality. XPS analysis revealed the presence of sulfates in addition of Fe2O3 on surfaces exposed to sulfuric acid and iron chlorides but no sodium on surfaces exposed to NaCl.
- Other Subject(s):
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 19820012417.
Accession ID: 82N20291.
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