Particle Effects On The Extinction And Ignition Of Flames In Normal- And Micro-Gravity
- Egolfopoulos, F. N.
- August 2003.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Additional Creators:
- Andac, M. G. and Campbell, C. S.
- hdl.handle.net , Connect to this object online.
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- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available.
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- Reacting dusty flows have been studied to lesser extent than pure gas phase flows and sprays. Particles can significantly alter the ignition, burning and extinction characteristics of the gas phase due to the dynamic, thermal, and chemical couplings between the phases. The understanding of two-phase flows can be attained in stagnation flow configurations, which have been used to study spray combustion [e.g. 1] as well as reacting dusty flows [e.g. 2]. The thermal coupling between inert particles and a gas, as well as the effect of gravity, were studied in Ref. 3. It was also shown that the gravity can substantially affect parameters such as the particle velocity, number density, mass flux, and temperature. In Refs. 4 and 5, the effects of inert particles on the extinction of strained premixed and nonpremixed flames were studied both experimentally and numerically at 1-g and m-g. It was shown that large particles can cool flames more effectively than smaller particles. The effects of flame configuration and particle injection orientation were also addressed. It was shown that it was not possible to obtain a simple and still meaningful scaling that captured all the pertinent physics due to the complexity of the couplings between parameters. Also, the cooling by particles is more profound in the absence of gravity as gravity works to reduce the particle number density in the neighborhood of the flame. The efforts were recently shifted towards the understanding of the effects of combustible particles on extinction , the gas-phase ignition by hot particle injection , and the hot gas ignition of flames in the presence of particles that are not hot enough to ignite the gas phase by themselves.
- Other Subject(s):
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 20040053550.
Seventh International Workshop on Microgravity Combustion and Chemically Reacting Systems; 89-92; NASA/CP-2003-212376/REV1.
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