Investigation of Neural Strategies of Visual Search
- Krauzlis, Richard J.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Restrictions on Access:
- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available.
- The goal of this project was to measure how neurons in the superior colliculus (SC) change their activity during a visual search task. Specifically, we proposed to measure how the activity of these neurons was altered by the discriminability of visual targets and to test how these changes might predict the changes in the subjects performance. The primary rationale for this study was that understanding how the information encoded by these neurons constrains overall search performance would foster the development of better models of human performance. Work performed during the period supported by this grant has achieved these aims. First, we have recorded from neurons in the superior colliculus (SC) during a visual search task in which the difficulty of the task and the performance of the subject was systematically varied. The results from these single-neuron physiology experiments shows that prior to eye movement onset, the difference in activity across the ensemble of neurons reaches a fixed threshold value, reflecting the operation of a winner-take-all mechanism. Second, we have developed a model of eye movement decisions based on the principle of winner-take-all . The model incorporates the idea that the overt saccade choice reflects only one of the multiple saccades prepared during visual discrimination, consistent with our physiological data. The value of the model is that, unlike previous models, it is able to account for both the latency and the percent correct of saccade choices.
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 20030057125.
- No Copyright.
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