An Experimental and Numerical Study of Icing Effects on the Performance and Controllability of a Twin Engine Aircraft
- Reehorst, A.
- January 1999.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Additional Creators:
- Langhals, T., Choo, Y., Chung, J., Potapczuk, M., and Wright, W.
- Restrictions on Access:
- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available. and Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- In September 1997 the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) requested assistance from the NASA Lewis Research Center (LeRC) Icing Branch in the investigation of an aircraft accident that was suspected of being caused by ice contamination. In response to the request NASA agreed to perform an experimental and computational study. The main activities that NASA performed were LERC Icing Research Tunnel (IRT) testing to define ice shapes and 2-D Navier-Stokes analysis to determine the performance degradation that those ice shapes would have caused. An IRT test was conducted in January 1998. Most conditions for the test were based upon raw and derived data from the Flight Data Recorder (FDR) recovered from the accident and upon the current understanding of the Meteorological conditions near the accident. Using a two-dimensional Navier-Stokes code, the flow field and resultant lift and drag were calculated for the wing section with various ice shapes accreted in the IRT test. Before the final calculations could be performed extensive examinations of geometry smoothing and turbulence were conducted. The most significant finding of this effort is that several of the five-minute ice accretions generated in the IRT were found by the Navier-Stokes analysis to produce severe lift and drag degradation. The information generated by this study suggests a possible scenario for the kind of control upset recorded in the accident. Secondary findings were that the ice shapes accreted in the IRT were mostly limited to the protected pneumatic boot region of the wing and that during testing, activation of the pneumatic boots cleared most of the ice.
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 19990018601., ICOMP-99-02., NAS 1.15:208896., NASA/TM-1999-208896., AIAA Paper 99-0374., E-11495., and Aerospace Sciences; 11-14 Jan. 1999; Reno, NV; United States.
- No Copyright.
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