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- The HNO molecule is of interest in both combustion and atmospheric chemistry. For example, Guadagnini et al. have recently presented ab initio potential energy surfaces for the three lowest lying electronic states of HNO and then used these in examining several chemical reactions that take place in the combustion of nitrogen containing fuels and in the oxidation of atmospheric nitrogen. We have previously studied the ground state potential energy surface (i.e., stationary points along the HNO rev. reaction HON path), vibrational spectrum (using an accurate quartic force field), zero-point energy, and bonding of HNO using coupled-cluster ab initio methods. HNO is also very interesting because of the unique nature of its bonding characteristics. That is, the potential energy surface is very flat along the H-N bonding coordinate thereby giving unusual harmonic and fundamental vibrational frequencies, and the H-N bond energy is rather weak in comparison to other H-N bond energies. In fact, using experimental heats of formation for HO, H, and NO, the H- bond energy is computed to be only 49.9 kcal/ mol (298 K). However, ab initio calculations of isodesmic reaction energies involving HNO, FNO, ClNO, and several other molecules have shown that there is an inconsistency in the experimental heats of formation of the XNO (X=H, F, and Cl) species. Hence the motivation for this study was to determine a very accurate(DELTA)H(sup o)(sub f) value for HNO using state of-the-art ab initio methods. Based on many recent studies it is evident that the singles and doubles coupled-cluster method that includes a perturbational estimate of the effects of connected triple excitations, denoted CCSD(T), in conjunction with large one-particle basis sets should be reliable to better than +0.8 kcal/mol for this quantity. The computational methodology is described in the next section followed by our results and discussion. Conclusions are presented in the final section.
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- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 19980018298.
Journal of Chemical Physics(ISSN 0021-9606); Volume 103; No. 20; 9110-9111.
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