Simple atmospheric perturbation models for sonic-boom-signature distortion studies
- Ehernberger, L. J.
- Oct 1, 1994.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Additional Creators:
- Wurtele, Morton G. and Sharman, Robert D.
- hdl.handle.net , Connect to this object online.
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- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available.
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- Sonic-boom propagation from flight level to ground is influenced by wind and speed-of-sound variations resulting from temperature changes in both the mean atmospheric structure and small-scale perturbations. Meteorological behavior generally produces complex combinations of atmospheric perturbations in the form of turbulence, wind shears, up- and down-drafts and various wave behaviors. Differences between the speed of sound at the ground and at flight level will influence the threshold flight Mach number for which the sonic boom first reaches the ground as well as the width of the resulting sonic-boom carpet. Mean atmospheric temperature and wind structure as a function of altitude vary with location and time of year. These average properties of the atmosphere are well-documented and have been used in many sonic-boom propagation assessments. In contrast, smaller scale atmospheric perturbations are also known to modulate the shape and amplitude of sonic-boom signatures reaching the ground, but specific perturbation models have not been established for evaluating their effects on sonic-boom propagation. The purpose of this paper is to present simple examples of atmospheric vertical temperature gradients, wind shears, and wave motions that can guide preliminary assessments of nonturbulent atmospheric perturbation effects on sonic-boom propagation to the ground. The use of simple discrete atmospheric perturbation structures can facilitate the interpretation of the resulting sonic-boom propagation anomalies as well as intercomparisons among varied flight conditions and propagation models.
- Other Subject(s):
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 19950008474.
Accession ID: 95N14888.
NASA. Langley Research Center, High-Speed Research: 1994 Sonic Boom Workshop: Atmospheric Propagation and Acceptability Studies; p 157-169.
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