Physiological Anatomical Rodent Experiment (PARE) .04 feasibility test 2.
- Burden, Hubert W.
- Apr 11, 1994.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Restrictions on Access:
- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available.
- The objective of this feasibility study was to subject pregnant rats of the same age, strain, and size that will be utilized in a shuttle flight experiment to all flight conditions except the unique microgravity of space flight and determine the feasibility of the proposed experimental design to meet the experimental objectives. The study utilized facilities at NASA, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA to subject the rats to the gravitational stresses of a simulated shuttle launch and simulated shuttle landing. One hundred pregnant rats were received on gestation day (G) 2 (day 1 = day of vaginal sperm) and on G7, eighty rats were laparotomized to determine the condition of pregnancy and allow assignment to test groups. The five test groups (N=10 each group) were as follows: Group 1, Nominal Flight; Group 2, Laparotomy Control; Group 3, Hysterectomy Control; Group 4, Vivarium Control; Group 5, Delayed Recovery. On G9, animals in groups 1,2,3, and 5 were subjected to a shuttle launch simulation. On G18, groups 1,2, and 3 were subjected to a shuttle landing simulation and on this same day groups 1 and 2 were subjected to unilateral hysterectomy to obtain fetuses and placentas for evaluation. Fetal crown-rump length and fetal weight of the Nominal Flight group was significantly less than the Laparotomy Control group, but placentas were similar. On G20, group 5 was subjected to a shuttle landing simulation and on this day this group received a unilateral hysterectomy and fetuses and placentas were weighed. Animals in all groups were allowed to go to term and all animals delivered between 06:00 hours G22 and 18:00 hours G23. After delivery, a blood sample was taken from each experimental dam, and they were euthanized and the thymus and adrenal glands weighed. The thymus weight from all experimental group dams was decreased relative to the Vivarium Control group but adrenal glands and hormone values in dam plasma was similar in all groups. Pups from experimental groups were tattooed for identification, the anogenital distance of male pups was measured, and all pups placed with foster dams and litter sizes were standardized to 10. There was no difference in anogenital distances between male pups from different test groups. Pups delivered from Delayed Recovery animals were smaller than pups delivered from Nominal Flight animals. On neonatal day 7, all pups were euthanized and pup adrenal glands and thymus weighed. There was no difference in weights of thymus and adrenal glands in pups euthanized at neonatal day 7. Collectively, these data confirm the feasibility of the experimental design to meet objectives of the studies proposed for shuttle flight.
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 19940025463., Accession ID: 94N29968., NAS 1.26:195210., and NASA-CR-195210.
- No Copyright.
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