Mixing and unmixedness in plasma jets 1 : Near-field analysis
- Ilegbusi, Olusegun J.
- Nov 1, 1993.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Restrictions on Access:
- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available. and Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- The flow characteristics in the near-field of a plasma jet are simulated with a two-fluid model. This model accounts for both gradient-diffusion mixing and uni-directional sifting motion resulting from pressure-gradient-body-force imbalance. This latter mechanism is believed to be responsible for the umixedness observed in plasma jets. The unmixedness is considered to be essentially a Rayleigh-Taylor kind instability. Transport equations are solved for the individual plasma and ambient gas velocities, temperatures and volume fractions. Empirical relations are employed for the interface transfers of mass, momentum and heat. The empirical coefficients are first established by comparison of predictions with available experimental data for shear flows. The model is then applied to an Argon plasma jet ejecting into stagnant air. The predicted results show the significant build-up of unmixed air within the plasma gas, even relatively far downstream of the torch. By adjusting the inlet condition, the model adequately reproduces the experimental data.
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 19940019182., Accession ID: 94N23655., and NASA. Lewis Research Center, The Fifth Annual Thermal and Fluids Analysis Workshop; p 307-328.
- No Copyright.
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