A Moessbauer spectrometer for the mineralogical analysis of the Mars surface : First temperature dependent tests of the detector and drive system
- Klingelhoefer, G.
- JAN 1, 1993.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Additional Creators:
- Jaeger, H., Foh, J., Held, P., Teucher, R., and Kankeleit, E.
- Restrictions on Access:
- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available. and Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- Part of the scientific payload of the Mars-96 mission is a Fe-(57)Mossbauer (MB) spectrometer installed on a small rover to be placed on the surface of Mars. The instrument is under development at the University of Darmstadt. This instrument, with some modifications, is also included in the scientific payload of the proposed MARSNET mission of the European Space Agency (ESA). A similar instrument is currently under development in the US. The reason for developing a Mossbauer spectrometer for space applications is the high abundance of the element iron, especially on the surface of Mars. The elemental composition of Martian soil was determined during the Viking mission in 1976 but not it's mineralogical composition. One believes that it is composed mainly of iron-rich clay minerals, with an iron content of about 14 (plus or minus 2) wt-percent, partly magnetic. Of extremely great interest are the oxidation state of the iron, the magnetic phases and the mineral composition of the Mars surface. To these questions MB spectroscopy can provide important information, which are not available by other methods. We report on first tests of the experimental setup in the temperature range plus 20 C to -70 C, roughly corresponding to the temperature range on the surface of Mars. Also questions concerning the signal/noise ratio (S/N) are discussed.
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 19940011760., Accession ID: 94N16233., and Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-Fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 2: G-M; p 633-634.
- No Copyright.
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