Thermostructural responses of carbon phenolics in a restrained thermal growth test
- Wang, C. Jeff
- Dec 1, 1992.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Restrictions on Access:
- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available.
- The thermostructural response of carbon phenolic components in a solid rocket motor (SRM) is a complex process. It involves simultaneous heat and mass transfer along with chemical reactions in a multiphase system with time-dependent material properties and boundary conditions. In contrast to metals, the fracture of fiber-reinforced composites is characterized by the initiation and progression of multiple failures of different modes such as matrix cracks, interfacial debonding, fiber breaks, and delamination. The investigation of thermostructural responses of SRM carbon phenolics is further complicated by different failure modes under static and dynamic load applications. Historically, there have been several types of post-firing anomalies found in the carbon phenolic composites of the Space Shuttle SRM nozzle. Three major failure modes which have been observed on SRM nozzles are pocketing (spallation), ply-lift, and wedge-out. In order to efficiently control these anomalous phenomena, an investigation of fracture mechanisms under NASA/MSFC RSRM (Redesigned Solid Rocket Motor) and SPIP (Solid Propulsion Integrity Program) programs have been conducted following each anomaly. This report reviews the current progress in understanding the effects of the thermostructural behavior of carbon phenolics on the failure mechanisms of the SRM nozzle. A literature search was conducted and a technical bibliography was developed to support consolidation and assimilation of learning from the RSRM and SPIP investigation efforts. Another important objective of this report is to present a knowledge-based design basis for carbon phenolics that combines the analyses of thermochemical decomposition, pore pressure stresses, and thermostructural properties. Possible areas of application of the knowledge-based design include critical material properties development, nozzle component design, and SRM materials control.
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 19930008144.
Accession ID: 93N17333.
Alabama Univ., 1992 NASA(ASEE Summer Faculty Fellowship Program; 5 p.
- No Copyright.
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