Numerical Study of Mixing of Two Fluids Under Low Gravity
- Duval, Walter M. B.
- Oct 1, 1992.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Restrictions on Access:
- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available. and Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- The mixing characteristics of two fluids inside a cavity due to buoyancy driven flow fields for low gravity conditions is investigated via numerical experiments. The buoyancy driven flow, depending on the parametric region, stretches and deforms the material interface into a wave morphological pattern. The morphological pattern affects the resulting stratification thickness of the mixed region. Three basic mixing regimes occur: convective, diffusive, and chaotic. In the convective regime, an overturning motion occurs which gives rise to a stable wave formation. This wave oscillates and its decay leads to a stable stratification. Whereas, in the diffusive regime, the length of the interface remains constant while mixing occurs. This limiting behavior is very important to materials processing in space, and it admits a closed form solution corresponding to vanishing convective terms which agrees with computational results. Finally, in the chaotic regime, the material interface continuously stretches and folds on itself similar to a horseshoe map. The length of stretch of the interface increases exponentially. Internal wavebreaking occurs for this case. This wavebreaking generates local turbulence, and provides an effective mechanism for mixing.
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 19930005725., Accession ID: 93N14914., NASA-TM-105865., NAS 1.15:105865., and E-7326.
- No Copyright.
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