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- Pre-Magellan analysis of the Venera 15/16 data indicated the existence of abundant small volcanic edifices, each less than or equal to 20 km diameter, interpreted to be predominantly shield volcanoes and occurring throughout the plains terrain, most common in equidimensional clusters. With the analysis of Magellan data, these clusters of greater than average concentration of small volcanic edifices have been called 'shield fields'. Although individual small shields can and do occur almost everywhere on the plains terrain of Venus, they most commonly occur in fields that are well-defined, predominantly equant, clusters of edifices. Major questions include why the edifices are concentrated in this way, how they relate to the source of the eruptive material, and what the possible relationship of shield fields to plains terrain is. There are three possible models for the origin of fields and small shields: (1) a field represents an 'island' of higher topography subsequently surrounded by later plains material; and (2) a field represents the area of magma reservoir.
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 19930005107.
Accession ID: 93N14295.
Lunar and Planetary Inst., Papers Presented to the International Colloquium on Venus; p 7-8.
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