Non-equilibrium freezing of water-ice in sandy basaltic regoliths and implications for fluidized debris flows on Mars
- Gooding, J. L.
- May 1, 1987.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
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- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available. and Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- Many geomorphic features on Mars were attributed to Earth-analogous, cold-climate processes involving movement of water or ice lubricated debris. Clearly, knowledge of the behavior of water in regolith materials under Martian conditions is essential to understanding the postulated geomorphic processes. Experiments were performed with sand-sized samples of natural basaltic regoliths in order to further elucidate how water/regolith interactions depend upon grain size and mineralogy. The data reveal important contrasts with data for clay-mineral substrates and suggest that the microphysics of water/mineral interactions might affect Martian geomorphic processes in ways that are not fully appreciated. Sand and silt sized fractions of two soils from the summit of Mauna Kea were used as Mars-analogous regolith materials. Temperatures were measured for water/ice phase transitions as wet slurries of individual soil fractions which were cooled or heated at controlled rates under a carbon dioxide atmosphere. Freezing and melting of ice was studied as a function of water/soil mass ratio, soil particle size, and thermal-cycle rate. Comparison tests were done under the same conditions with U.S. Geological Survey standard rock powders.
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 19870014033., Accession ID: 87N23466., and NASA, Washington, Reports of Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program, 1986; p 305-306.
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