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- A great deal of interest was generated recently in the possibility of producing new materials in the reduced gravity environment provided during the forthcoming missions of Spacelab. The range of possibilities extend from producing large crystals of uniform properties to manufacturing materials with unique properties. Most of these processes involve the solidification of materials from the liquid state. Convective motions within the liquid during solidification can influence the local material composite and the shape of the solid-liquid interface which may result in solids with non-uniform properties and crystal defects. The microgravity environment of Spacelab is being viewed as one in which the buoyancy forces are eliminated so that convection driven by thermal gradients does occur, resulting in an improved solidification process. However, convection may occur for other reasons and whether convection is negligible or not during solidification constitutes processing in low-gravity environment. Little information exists presently on convection during solidification under such circumstances. A continuation of an analytical investigation into the nature of convective motion in a binary liquid layer due to surface tension forces during its solidification is reported. The onset of convection will be determined through a stability analysis which is described.
- Other Subject(s):
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 19840003163.
Accession ID: 84N11231.
- No Copyright.
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