An experimental investigation of convection in a fluid that exhibits phase change
- Fitzjarrald, D. E.
- May 1, 1980.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Restrictions on Access:
- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available.
- Convection flows were systematically observed in a layer of fluid between two isothermal horizontal boundaries. The working fluid was a nematic liquid crystal, which exhibits a liquid-liquid phase change at which latent heat is released and the density changed. In addition to ordinary Rayleigh-Benard convection when either phase is present alone, there exist two types of convective motions initiated by the unstable density difference. When a thin layer of heavy fluid is present near the top boundary, hexagons with downgoing centers exist with no imposed thermal gradient. When a thin layer of light fluid is brought on near the lower boundary, the hexagons have upshooting centers. In both cases, the motions are kept going once they are initiated by the instability due to release of latent heat. Relation of the results to applicable theories is discussed.
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 19800017116., Accession ID: 80N25613., and NASA-TM-78277.
- No Copyright.
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