Grain formation in astronomical systems : A critical review of condensation processes
- Donn, B.
- Apr 1, 1978.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Restrictions on Access:
- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available.
Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- An analysis is presented of the assumption and the applicability of the three theoretical methods for calculating condensations in cosmic clouds where no pre-existing nuclei exist. The three procedures are: thermodynamic equilibrium calculations, nucleation theory, and a kinetic treatment which would take into account the characteristics of each individual collision. Thermodynamics provide detailed results on the composition temperature and composition of the condensate provided the system attains equilibrium. Because of the cosmic abundance mixture of elements, large supersaturations in some cases and low pressures, equilibrium is not expected in astronomical clouds. Nucleation theory, a combination of thermodynamics and kinetics, has the limitations of each scheme. Kinetics, not requiring equilibrium, avoids nearly all the thermodynamics difficulties but requires detailed knowledge of many reactions which thermodynamics avoids. It appears to be the only valid way to treat grain formation in space. A review of experimental studies is given.
- Other Subject(s):
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 19780017078.
Accession ID: 78N25021.
Conf. on Protostars and Planets; Nov. 1978; Tucson, AZ; United States.
- No Copyright.
View MARC record | catkey: 15728746