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The research in the program for designing and fabricating payloads for sounding rockets for use in X-ray astronomy is reported. Published papers concerning six Aerobee flights are presented. The results include: (1) the establishment of the radio galaxy M87 as an X-ray source; (2) the studies of the pulsar NPO532, including its X-ray pulse shape, the determination of the synchronism of the optical and X-ray pulses and the codiscovery of its existence as an X-ray pulsar; (3) the determination of many X-ray source positions, and (4) the precise position of Cyg X-1 which led directly to the identification of a ninth magnitude BO supergiant.