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- An experimental study was performed to examine jet-effects for an airframe-integrated, scramjet-rocket combined-cycle vehicle configuration at transonic test conditions. This investigation was performed by testing an existing exhaust simulation wind tunnel model, known as Model 5B, in the NASA Langley 16-Ft. Transonic Tunnel. Tests were conducted at freestream Mach numbers from 0.7 to 1.2, at angles of attack from 2 to +14 degrees, and at up to seven nozzle static pressure ratio values for a set of horizontal-tail and body-flap deflections. The model aftbody, horizontal tails, and body flaps were extensively pressure instrumented to provide an understanding of jet-effects and control-surface/plume interactions, as well as for the development of analytical methodologies and calibration of computational fluid dynamic codes to predict this type of flow phenomenon. At all transonic test conditions examined, the exhaust flow at the exit of the internal nozzle was over-expanded, generating an exhaust plume that turned toward the aftbody. Pressure contour plots for the aftbody of Model 5B are presented for freestream transonic Mach numbers of 0.70, 0.95, and 1.20. These pressure data, along with shadowgraph images, indicated the impingement of an internal plume shock and at least one reflected shock onto the aftbody for all transonic conditions tested. These results also provided evidence of the highly three-dimensional nature of the aftbody exhaust flowfield. Parametric testing showed that angle-of-attack, static nozzle pressure ratio, and freestream Mach number all affected the exhaust-plume size, exhaust-flowfield shock structure, and the aftbody-pressure distribution, with Mach number having the largest effect. Integration of the aftbody pressure data showed large variations in the pitching moment throughout the transonic regime.
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 20040012860.
AIAA Paper 2003-7001.
12th AIAA International Space Planes and Hypersonic Systems and Technologies Conference; 15-18 Dec. 2003; Norfolk, VA; United States.
- No Copyright.
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