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- A finite element study is presented of double-diffusive convection driven by g-jitter in a microgravity environment. Mathematical formulations are presented and extensive simulations are carried out for g-jitter induced fluid flow, temperature distribution, and solutal transport in an alloy system under consideration for space flights. Computations include the use of idealized single-frequency and multi-frequency g-jitter as well as the real g-jitter data taken during an actual Space Shuttle fight. Little correlation is seen between these velocity components for the g-jitter components studied. The temperature field is basically undisturbed by convection because of a small Pr number for the fluid. The disturbance of the concentration field, however, is pronounced, and the local variation of the concentration follows the velocity oscillation in time. It is found that although the concentration field varies in both position and time, the local concentration gradient remains approximately constant in time. Numerical study further indicates that with an increase in g-jitter force (or amplitude), the nonlinear convective effects become much more obvious, which in turn drastically change the concentration fields. The simulated results computed using the g-jitter data taken during space flights show that both the velocity and concentration become random, following approximately the same pattern as the g-jitter perturbations.
- Document ID: 20020028405.
Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A(ISSN 1040-7782); Volume 39; 245-265.
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