On the Role of Surface Friction in Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation
- Chao, Winston C.
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- 1 electronic document
- Additional Creators:
- Chen, Baode
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- The Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO), or the tropical intraseasonal oscillation, has attracted much attention, ever since its discovery in the early seventies for reasons of both scientific understanding and practical forecasts. Among the theoretical interpretations of the MJO, the wave-CISK (conditional instability of the second kind) mechanism is the most popular. The basic idea of the wave-CISK interpretation is that the cooperation between the low-level convergence associated with the eastward moving Kelvin wave and the cumulus convection generates an eastward moving Kelvin-wave-like mode. Later it was recognized that the MJO has an important Rossby-wave-like component. However linear analysis and numerical simulations based on it (even when conditional heating is used) have revealed two problems with the wave-CISK interpretation; i.e., excessive speed and the most preferred scale being zero or grid scale. Chao (1995) presented a discussion of these problems and attributed these problems to the particular type of expression for the cumulus heating used in the linear analyses and numerical studies (i.e., the convective heating is proportional to low-level convergence and a fixed vertical heating profile). It should be pointed out that in the relatively successful simulation of MJO with general circulation models the problem of grid scale being the most preferred scale does not appear and die problem of excessive speed is not as severe as in the linear analysis.
- Other Subject(s):
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 19990014069.
10-15 Jan. 1999; Dallas, TX; United States.
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