CALIPSO Observations of Transatlantic Dust : Vertical Stratification and Effect of Clouds
- Marshak, Alexander
- June 18, 2012.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Additional Creators:
- Kostinski, Alexander B., Yang, Weidong, Varnai, Tamas, and Kalashnikova, Olga V.
- Restrictions on Access:
- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available.
Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- CALIOP nighttime measurements of lidar backscatter, color and depolarization ratios during the summer of 2007 are used to study transatlantic dust properties downwind of Saharan sources, and to examine the interaction of clouds and dust. We discuss the following findings: (1) while lidar backscatter doesn't change much with altitude in the Saharan Air Layer (SAL), depolarization and color ratios both increase with altitude in the SAL; (2) lidar backscatter and color ratio increase as dust is transported westward in the SAL; (3) the vertical lapse rate of dust depolarization ratio increases within SAL as plumes move westward; (4) nearby clouds barely affect the backscatter and color ratio of dust volumes within SAL but not so below SAL. Finally, (5) the odds of CALIOP finding dust below SAL next to clouds are about 2/3 of those far away from clouds. This feature, together with an apparent increase in depolarization ratio near clouds, indicates that particles in some dusty volumes lose asphericity in the humid air near clouds, and cannot be identified by CALIPSO as dust.
- Other Subject(s):
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 20120009858.
CALIPSO, CloudSat, EarthCARE Joint Workshop; 18-22 Jun. 2012; Paris; France.
- Copyright, Distribution as joint owner in the copyright.
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