Conflict Resolution Automation and Pilot Situation Awareness
- Brandt, Summer L.
- September 27, 2010.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Additional Creators:
- Kraut, Josh, Johnson, Walter W., Nguyen, Jimmy, Raza, Hamzah, Bacon, Paige, Rozovski, David, Minakata, Katsumi, and Dao, Arik-Quang V.
- Restrictions on Access:
- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available. and Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- This study compared pilot situation awareness across three traffic management concepts. The Concepts varied in terms of the allocation of traffic avoidance responsibility between the pilot on the flight deck, the air traffic controllers, and a conflict resolution automation system. In Concept 1, the flight deck was equipped with conflict resolution tools that enable them to fully handle the responsibility of weather avoidance and maintaining separation between ownship and surrounding traffic. In Concept 2, pilots were not responsible for traffic separation, but were provided tools for weather and traffic avoidance. In Concept 3, flight deck tools allowed pilots to deviate for weather, but conflict detection tools were disabled. In this concept pilots were dependent on ground based automation for conflict detection and resolution. Situation awareness of the pilots was measured using online probes. Results showed that individual situation awareness was highest in Concept 1, where the pilots were most engaged, and lowest in Concept 3, where automation was heavily used. These findings suggest that for conflict resolution tasks, situation awareness is improved when pilots remain in the decision-making loop.
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 20110008500., ARC-E-DAA-TN1371., and 54th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society; 27 Sep. - 1 Oct. 2010; San Francisco, CA; United States.
- Copyright, Distribution as joint owner in the copyright.
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