The Concept and Analytical Investigation of CO2 and Steam Co-Electrolysis for Resource Utilization in Space Exploration
- McKellar, Michael G.
- June 16, 2010.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Additional Creators:
- Abney, Morgan B., Luna, Bernadette, Sohal, Manohar S., Mulloth, Lila M., and Stoots, Carl M.
- Restrictions on Access:
- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available. and Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- CO2 acquisition and utilization technologies will have a vital role in designing sustainable and affordable life support and in situ fuel production architectures for human and robotic exploration of Moon and Mars. For long-term human exploration to be practical, reliable technologies have to be implemented to capture the metabolic CO2 from the cabin air and chemically reduce it to recover oxygen. Technologies that enable the in situ capture and conversion of atmospheric CO2 to fuel are essential for a viable human mission to Mars. This paper describes the concept and mathematical analysis of a closed-loop life support system based on combined electrolysis of CO2 and steam (co-electrolysis). Products of the coelectrolysis process include oxygen and syngas (CO and H2) that are suitable for life support and synthetic fuel production, respectively. The model was developed based on the performance of a co-electrolysis system developed at Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Individual and combined process models of the co-electrolysis and Sabatier, Bosch, Boudouard, and hydrogenation reactions are discussed and their performance analyses in terms of oxygen production and CO2 utilization are presented.
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 20100039170., ARC-E-DAA-TN1834., and 40th International Conference on Environmental Systems; 11-15 Jul. 2010; Barcelona, Spain; Spain.
- Copyright, Distribution as joint owner in the copyright.
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