Remote Sensing of Tropospheric Pollution from Space
- Martin, Randall V.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Additional Creators:
- Pierce, R. Bradley, Edwards, David P., Morris, Gary A., Bowman, Kevin W., Ziemke, Jerald R., Thompson, Anne M., Chance, Kelly V., Burrows, John P., Fishman, Jack, Al-Saadi, Jassim A., and Schaack, Todd K.
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- We review the progress of tropospheric trace gas observations and address the need for additional measurement capabilities as recommended by the National Academy of Science (NAS, 2007). Tropospheric measurements from current and earlier instruments show pollution in the Northern Hemisphere as a result of fossil fuel burning and a strong seasonal dependence with the largest amounts of photochemically-generated ozone in summer. At low latitudes, where photon flux is stronger throughout the year, trace gas concentrations are driven by the abundance of the emissions, where the largest source, biomass burning, is readily seen in carbon monoxide measurements, but lightning and biogenic trace gases may also contribute to trace gas variability. Although substantive progress has been achieved in seasonal and global mapping of a few tropospheric trace gases, satellite trace-gas observations with considerably better temporal and spatial resolution are essential to forecasting air quality at scales required by policy-makers. The concurrent use of atmospheric composition measurements for both scientific and operational purposes is a new paradigm for the atmospheric chemistry community. The examples presented illustrate both the promise and challenge of merging satellite information with in situ observations in state-of-the-art data assimilation models.
- Other Subject(s):
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 20080037567.
- Copyright, Distribution as joint owner in the copyright.
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