Calculation of Radiation Protection Quantities and Analysis of Astronaut Orientation Dependence
- Clowdsley, Martha S.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Additional Creators:
- Atwell, William, Nealy, John E., Anderson, Brooke M., Luetke, Nathan J., and Wilson, John W.
- hdl.handle.net , Connect to this object online.
- Restrictions on Access:
- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available.
Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- Health risk to astronauts due to exposure to ionizing radiation is a primary concern for exploration missions and may become the limiting factor for long duration missions. Methodologies for evaluating this risk in terms of radiation protection quantities such as dose, dose equivalent, gray equivalent, and effective dose are described. Environment models (galactic cosmic ray and solar particle event), vehicle/habitat geometry models, human geometry models, and transport codes are discussed and sample calculations for possible lunar and Mars missions are used as demonstrations. The dependence of astronaut health risk, in terms of dosimetric quantities, on astronaut orientation within a habitat is also examined. Previous work using a space station type module exposed to a proton spectrum modeling the October 1989 solar particle event showed that reorienting the astronaut within the module could change the calculated dose equivalent by a factor of two or more. Here the dose equivalent to various body tissues and the whole body effective dose due to both galactic cosmic rays and a solar particle event are calculated for a male astronaut in two different orientations, vertical and horizontal, in a representative lunar habitat. These calculations also show that the dose equivalent at some body locations resulting from a solar particle event can vary by a factor of two or more, but that the dose equivalent due to galactic cosmic rays has a much smaller (<15%) dependence on astronaut orientation.
- Other Subject(s):
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 20060047772.
AIAA Paper 2006-7441.
Space 2006 Conference and Exposition; 19-21 Sep. 2006; San Jose, CA; United States.
- Copyright, Distribution as joint owner in the copyright.
View MARC record | catkey: 16003244