Interactions of Mean Climate Change and Climate Variability on Food Security Extremes
- Ahmad, Ashfaq
- July 7, 2015.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Additional Creators:
- Ahuja, Laj R., Ahmad, Shakeel, Hudson, Nicholas, Prabodha, Agalawatte, Mavromatis, Theodoros, Morales, Monica, McDermid, Sonali, Ruane, Alexander C., and Simmons, John
- Restrictions on Access:
- Unclassified, Unlimited, Publicly available. and Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- Recognizing that climate change will affect agricultural systems both through mean changes and through shifts in climate variability and associated extreme events, we present preliminary analyses of climate impacts from a network of 1137 crop modeling sites contributed to the AgMIP Coordinated Climate-Crop Modeling Project (C3MP). At each site sensitivity tests were run according to a common protocol, which enables the fitting of crop model emulators across a range of carbon dioxide, temperature, and water (CTW) changes. C3MP can elucidate several aspects of these changes and quantify crop responses across a wide diversity of farming systems. Here we test the hypothesis that climate change and variability interact in three main ways. First, mean climate changes can affect yields across an entire time period. Second, extreme events (when they do occur) may be more sensitive to climate changes than a year with normal climate. Third, mean climate changes can alter the likelihood of climate extremes, leading to more frequent seasons with anomalies outside of the expected conditions for which management was designed. In this way, shifts in climate variability can result in an increase or reduction of mean yield, as extreme climate events tend to have lower yield than years with normal climate.C3MP maize simulations across 126 farms reveal a clear indication and quantification (as response functions) of mean climate impacts on mean yield and clearly show that mean climate changes will directly affect the variability of yield. Yield reductions from increased climate variability are not as clear as crop models tend to be less sensitive to dangers on the cool and wet extremes of climate variability, likely underestimating losses from water-logging, floods, and frosts.
- NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Collection.
- Document ID: 20150021055., GSFC-E-DAA-TN25103., and Our Common Future Under Climate Change: International Scientific Conference; 7-10 Jul. 2015; Paris; France.
- Copyright, Distribution as joint owner in the copyright.
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