Dilemmas of humanitarian aid in the twentieth century / edited by Johannes Paulmann
- Oxford ; New York, NY : Oxford University Press, 2016.
- Physical Description:
- ix, 451 pages ; 22 cm.
- Additional Creators:
- Paulmann, Johannes
- Studies of the German Historical Institute, London
- Machine generated contents note: 1.The Dilemmas of Humanitarian Aid: Historical Perspectives / Johannes Paulmann -- pt. I Multiple Foundations of International Humanitarianism -- 2.Dilemmas of `Geneva' Humanitarian Internationalism: The International Committee of the Red Cross and the Red Cross Movement, 1863--1918 / Matthias Schulz -- 3.American Quakers, the Emergence of International Humanitarianism, and the Foundation of the American Friends Service Committee, 1890--1920 / Daniel Roger Maul -- pt. II Humanitarianism in the Shadow of Colonialism and World Wars -- 4.Weak Nation-States and the Limits of Humanitarian Aid: The Case of Morocco's Rif War, 1921--1927 / Francisco Javier Martinez-Antonio -- 5.Red Cross, Blue Express: Chinese Local Relief in an Age of Humanitarian Imperialism, Shandong 1923 / Caroline Reeves -- 6.The League of Nations Mission in Western Thrace: Relief and Rehabilitation Operations (1922--1924) / Francesca Piana -- 7.Two Crosses for the Same Aim? Swiss and Swedish Charitable Activities in Greece during the Second World War / Irene Herrmann -- 8.Life during Wartime: The Save the Children International Union and the Dilemmas of Warfare Relief, 1919--1947 / Joelle Droux -- 9.From Aid to Intimacy: The Humanitarian Origins and Media Culture of International Adoption / Heide Fehrenbach -- 10.Professionals of Humanitarianism: UNRRA Relief Officers in Post-War Europe / Silvia Salvatici -- pt. III Humanitarianism at the Intersection of Cold War and Decolonization -- 11.Blurring Relief and Development: Religious and Secular Politics of International Humanitarian Intervention during Decolonization in Sub-Saharan Africa / Shobana Shankar -- 12.The Algerian War, Third World Internationalism, and the Cold War Politics of Humanitarian Assistance / Young-Sun Hong -- 13.`The credibility of our humanitarian effort is at risk': Tensions between Solidarity and Humanitarian Aid in the Late 1960s / Konrad J. Kuhn -- 14.Negotiating Humanitarianism and Politics: Operation Omega's Border-Breaching Missions during the East Pakistan Crisis of 1971 / Florian Hannig -- 15.Competition over Aid? The German Red Cross, the Committee Cap Anamur, and the Rescue of Boat People in South-East Asia, 1979--1982 / Michael Vossing -- pt. IV Dilemmas of Global Humanitarianism -- 16.Humanitarian Dilemmas, Concern for Others, and Care of the Self: The Case of Medecins sans Frontieres / Michal Givoni -- 17.Asia's Evolving Role in Global Humanitarian Governance / Alain Guilloux -- 18.Dilemmas of Participation: Developers and the Problem of Doing the Right Thing / Eva Spies.
- This volume explores the history of humanitarian aid revealing fundamental dilemmas inherent in humanitarian practice for more than a century. The contributions analyse humanitarianism from the point of view of Europe and the West, and from the colonies and the Third World, revealing uneven developments and contingencies of change. Emphasis is put on the coming together of different forces, events, and structures at particular times, explaining the dilemmas faced up to the present day.0The historical studies in this volume are based on multi-archival research. They start with the foundations of international humanitarianism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, highlighting state interests, religious motivations and imperial reform. From these beginnings, humanitarian aid grew strongly in volume and organization during the first half of the twentieth century. The contributions show developments in the shadow of colonialism and two world wars covering Europe, northern Africa, China and transatlantic relations. After 1945 humanitarian practice stood at the intersection of Cold War and decolonization. Wars of independence, direct confrontations between East and West in the Third World, and the growth of development policy affected humanitarian practice, its scope and challenges. The most recent period of global humanitarianism is explored in essays on the role of non-Western areas in humanitarian governance, relations between concern for others and the self in prominent global organizations, and the practice of aid workers on the spot.
- 9780198778974 hardback
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
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