Introduction to corrections / Robert D. Hanser, University of Louisiana at Monroe
- Hanser, Robert D.
- Los Angeles, California : SAGE, 
- Second edition.
- Physical Description:
- xxvii, 476 pages : color illustrations ; 28 cm
- Machine generated contents note: ch. 1 Early History of Punishment and the Development of Prisons in the United States -- Prisoner Number One at Eastern Penitentiary -- Defining Corrections: A Variety of Possibilities -- The Role of Corrections in the Criminal Justice System -- The Notion of Punishment and Corrections Throughout History -- Early Codes of Law -- Early Historical Role of Religion, Punishment, and Corrections -- Cross-National Perspective 1.1: Penal Slavery in Western Europe and East Asia -- Early Secular History of Punishment and Corrections -- The Enlightenment and Correctional Reform -- William Penn, the Quakers, and the Great Law -- Charles Montesquieu, Francois Voltaire, and Cesare Beccaria -- John Howard: The Making of the Penitentiary -- Jeremy Bentham: Hedonistic Calculus -- Punishment During Early American History: 1700s-1800s -- Focus Topic 1.1: Escape From Old Newgate Prison -- The Walnut Street Jail -- The Pennsylvania System -- The Auburn System -- Two American Prototypes in Conflict -- Corrections and the Law 1.1: Ruffin v. Commonwealth (1871) -- The Southern System of Penology: Before and After the Civil War -- Applied Theory 1.1: The Subculture of Violence Theory and Corrections -- The Western System of Penology -- The Age of the Reformatory in America -- Prisons in America: 1900s to the End of World War II -- Prison Farming Systems -- The Progressive Era -- The Era of the "Big House," -- The Medical Model -- The Reintegration Model -- The Crime Control Model -- Modern Day Systems: Federal and State Inmate Characteristics -- Technology and Equipment 1.1: The Tucker Telephone -- The Emergence of the Top Three in Corrections -- Conclusion -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Key Case -- Application Exercise 1.1 -- What Would You Do? -- ch. 2 Ideological and Theoretical Underpinnings to Sentencing and Correctional Policy -- The Original Gangsta -- Introduction -- Philosophical Underpinnings -- Retribution -- Incapacitation -- Deterrence -- Rehabilitation -- Restorative Justice -- Reintegration -- Types of Sanctions -- Cross-National Perspective 2.1: The Philosophy of Corrections in Thailand -- The Continuum of Sanctions -- Monetary -- Probation and Intermediate Sanctions -- Incarceration -- Sentencing Models -- Indeterminate Sentences -- Determinate Sentences -- Mandatory Minimum Sentences -- Sentencing Has Become More Indeterminate in Nature -- Sentencing Disparities -- Smarter Sentencing Act: Sentence Leniency to Relieve Disparities -- Corrections and the Law 2.1: United States v. Booker on Determinate Sentencing -- Criminological Theories and Corrections -- Individual Traits -- Classical Theory and Behavioral Psychology -- Operant Conditioning -- Rein forcers and Punishments -- Social Learning -- Anomie/Strain -- Applied Theory 2.1: Classic Criminology, Behavioral Psychology, and Corrections -- Labeling and Social Reaction -- Conflict Criminology -- Conclusion -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Key Case -- Applied Exercise 2.1 -- What Would You Do? -- ch. 3 Correctional Law and Legal Liabilities -- The Writ Writer -- Introduction -- The Hands-Off Doctrine -- The Beginning of Judicial Involvement -- The Emergence of Inmate Rights -- Access to Courts and Attorneys -- Access to Law Libraries -- Applied Theory 3.1: Peacemaking Criminology and Suffering Begets Suffering -- Corrections and the Constitution -- First Amendment Cases in Corrections -- Fourth Amendment Cases in Corrections -- Eighth Amendment Cases in Corrections -- Fourteenth Amendment Cases in Corrections -- A Restrained Hands-On Perspective and Court Deference to Prisons -- Cross-National Perspective 3.1: Human Rights in Prisons and the Story of Abu Ghraib -- The Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995 -- State and Federal Legal Liabilities -- State Levels of Liability -- Corrections and the Law 3.1: Estelle v. Gamble, Farmer v. Brennan, and the Legal Concept of Deliberate Indifference -- Torts -- Liability Under Section 1983 Federal Lawsuits -- Forms of Immunity and Types of Defenses -- Indemnification and Representation -- Types of Damages -- Compliance With Judicial Orders -- Injunctions and Court-Imposed Remedies -- Technology and Equipment 3.1: The Use of Video Cameras in Prisons to Protect Staff From Inmate Lawsuits -- Consent Decrees -- Conclusion -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Key Cases -- Applied Exercise 3.1 -- What Would You Do? -- ch. 4 Jail and Detention Facilities -- Learning the Ropes -- Introduction -- Jails in the Past -- The Modern Jail -- Rural Jails -- Metropolitan Jail Systems -- Popular Direct-Supervision Jails -- Innovations in Jail Operations -- Cross-National Perspective 4.1: A Jail Facility in Canada: Central East Correctional Centre, Ontario, Canada -- Jails as Short-Term Institutions -- The Booking Area -- Issues With Booking Female Inmates -- Information Technology and Integration -- Jails as Long-Term Facilities -- Local Jails That House State Inmates -- Jails as Overflow Facilities: Fora Fee -- Jails and Immigration Detention -- Jail Overcrowding and the Matrix Classification System -- Health Care in Jails -- Communicable Diseases in Jails -- Jail Training Standards -- Language, Ethnic Diversity, and the Selection of Staff -- Challenges Faced by Female Staff -- Other Employee Issues -- Evolving Professionalism -- Specialized Types of Jail Sentences -- Weekend Confinement -- Shock Incarceration/Split Sentences -- Special Issues in Jails -- Substance-Abusing Offenders in Jails -- Applied Theory 4.1: Labeling Theory and First-Time Jail Inmates -- Mental Health Issues in Jails -- Jail Suicide -- Conclusion -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Applied Exercise 4.1 -- What Would You Do? -- ch. 5 Probation -- Probation Officer Stress -- Introduction -- A Brief History of Probation -- Focus Topic 5.1: Historical Developments in Probation in the United States -- Contemporary Probation: When the Jail Is Full -- Characteristics of Probationers -- The Administration of Probation -- The Probation Agency -- Cross-National Perspective 5.1: The History of Probation in England -- The Presentence Investigation -- Granting Probation -- Conditions of Probation -- Probation Officers -- Demographics of Probation Officers: Gender -- Demographics of Probation Officers: Race -- Demographics of Probations Officers: Education -- Tasks and Nature of Work for Probation Officers -- Working Conditions -- Corrections and the Law 5.1: Gagnon v. Scarpelli (1973) -- Probation Officers in the Role of Law Enforcers and Brokers of Services -- Technology and Equipment 5.1: The Use of GPS Tracking and Home Confinement -- Qualifications for Probation Officers -- Caseload Management -- Probation Revocation -- Court Decisions on Revocation -- Common Reasons for Revocation -- Conclusion -- Applied Theory 5.1: Critical Criminology and Probation Supervision -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Applied Exercise 5.1 -- What Would You Do? -- ch. 6 Intermediate Sanctions -- Parenting While on Probation -- Introduction -- Types of Intermediate Sanctions -- Focus Topic 6.1: Doing Time in the Working World -- Fines -- Community Service -- Intensive Supervision Probation -- Electronic Monitoring -- Global Positioning Systems -- Cross-National Perspective 6.1: Electronic Monitoring in Sweden -- Home Detention -- Day Reporting Centers -- Focus Topic 6.2: An Example of a Day Reporting Center -- Methods of Ensuring Compliance -- Detecting Drug Use Among Offenders -- Technology and Equipment 6.1: Breathalyzers and Urine Tests -- Sex Offenders -- Intermediate Sanctions in Different States -- Corrections and the Law 6.1: Smith v. Doe (2003) and the Constitutionality of Sex Offender Notification Laws -- Kansas: Home Surveillance Program -- Missouri: A Control and Intervention Strategy for Technical Parole Violators -- Applied Theory 6.1: Routine Activity Theory as Applied to Community Supervision -- Tennessee: GPS Tracking of Sex Offenders -- Conclusion -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Applied Exercise 6.1 -- What Would You Do? -- ch. 7 Facility Design to Meet Security and Programming Needs -- The Challenges of Design and Security -- Introduction -- Prison Facility Designs Throughout History -- The Bastille -- Pennsylvania Prisons -- Auburn/Sing Sing -- Panopticon -- Direct Supervision -- Minimum-Security Prison Design (Modern) -- Medium-Security Prison Design (Modern) -- Maximum-Security Prison Design (Modern) -- Pods -- Prison Locations -- The Rise of the Supermax -- USP Marion: The Protégé of Alcatraz -- States Utilize the Marion Model -- USP Florence ADMAX: "The Alcatraz of the Rockies" -- Focus Topic 7.1: Security Breaches Can Happen, Even at USP Florence ADMAX -- Constitutional Issues With Confinement in Supermax Custody -- Accommodations for Inmates With Disabilities -- ADA Compliance -- Technology and Equipment 7.1: Dome Technology in Cell Block Design Versus Traditional Prison Construction -- Innovative Security Designs -- Perimeter Security -- Corrections and the Law 7.1: Protection of Inmates Known to Be in Danger -- Alarm Systems -- Isolation Zone -- Lighting -- Razor Wire -- Internal Security -- Avoiding Blind Spots in Correction Facilities -- Auxiliary Services and Physical Security -- Kitchen Services and Facilities -- Feeding and Security -- Food Service Facilities and Equipment -- Food Supplies and Storage -- Laundry Facilities -- Recreational Facilities -- Cross-National Perspective 7.1: Prison Programming and Design in India -- Religious Facilities -- Tool Shop Facilities -- Technology Systems in Prisons -- Prisoner Identification -- Applied Theory 7.1: Routine Activity Theory, Inmate Traffic Flow, and Institutional Infractions -- Conclusion -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Key Cases -- Applied Exercise 7.1 -- What Would You Do? -- ch. 8 Classification and Custody Levels -- Reclassification of a Gang Member -- Introduction -- History of Classification -- Modern Classification Systems --, Contents note continued: Rationale for Classification -- The Goals of Classification Systems -- Protect the Public -- Protect Inmates -- Control Inmate Behavior -- Provide Planning and Accountability -- Elements of All Classification Systems -- Technology and Equipment 8.1: Automated Classification Systems -- Security and Custody Issues -- Initial Security Classification -- Inmate Needs, Services, and Housing and the Classification Team -- Reclassifcation Processes -- Focus Topic 8.1: The Confluence of Assessment, Classification, and Staff Attitudes in Determining Program Effectiveness -- Special Housing Assignments -- Corrections and the Law 8.1: Court Cases and Legal Issues With Protective Custody -- Protective Custody -- Administrative Segregation -- Focus Topic 8.2: Leaving Gang Life and Administrative Segregation Behind in Texas -- Applied Theory 8.1: Differential Association: Minimizing Further Associations Through Effective Classification Processes -- Specialized Offender Categories -- Substance Abuse Issues, Assessment, and Classification -- Screening and Placement Criteria -- Cross-National Perspective 8.1: Electronic Monitoring, Housing, Classification, and Inmate Activity in Australia -- Conclusion -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Key Cases -- Applied Exercise 8.1 -- What Would You Do? -- ch. 9 Prison Subculture and Prison Gang Influence -- The Gang Is My Family; the Gang Is My Purpose -- Introduction -- Theories of Prison Subculture -- Importation Theory -- Indigenous Prison Culture and Exportation Theory -- The Inmate Subculture of Modern Times -- The Convict Code and Snitching -- Sex Offenders and Punks -- The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 -- Focus Topic 9.1: Focus From the Inside With Jonathan Hilbun, Inmate With Rich wood Correctional Center -- The Strong, Silent Type and the Use of Slang -- Maintaining Respect -- Applied Theory 9.1: Labeling Theory as a Paradigm for the Etiology of Prison Rape: Implications for Understanding and Intervention -- The Con and the Never-Ending Hustle -- The Impact of the Inmate Subculture on Corrections Staff -- Scenario 1 -- Scenario 2 -- Prisonization -- The Guard Subculture -- Corrections and the Law 9.1: Nonlethal Force and Criminal and/or Civil Liability -- Female Correctional Officers -- The Impact of Gangs Upon Prison Subculture -- The Impact of Cross-Pollination: Reciprocal Relationships Between Street Gangs and Prison Gangs -- Cross-National Perspective 9.1: Prison Gang Riots and Warfare in Guatemala and El Salvador -- Major Prison Gangs in the United States -- Technology and Equipment 9.1: Using Scanners to Detect Contraband Brought Into and Out of Prison Facilities -- Gang Management in Corrections -- Gang Control, Management, and Administrative Segregation -- Conclusion -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Applied Exercise 9.1 -- What Would You Do? -- ch. 10 Female Offenders in Correctional Systems -- A Mom Behind Bars -- Introduction -- Female Offenders Behind Bars: A Detailed Look at Percentages and Rates -- Rates of Women Held in State Prisons, in Local Jails, or on Community Supervision -- History of Women Behind Bars -- The Work of Elizabeth Fry -- Female Criminality From 1850 Onward -- The Evolution of Separate Custodial Prisons for Women and Further Evidence of the Chivalry Hypothesis -- Applied Theory 10.1: Feminist Criminology and the Female Offender -- Minority Female Offenders Compared to Caucasian Female Offenders in American History -- Women's Reformatories in the Early Twentieth Century: A Feminist Perspective -- Focus Topic 10.1: Disproportionate Sentencing and Incarceration of Minority Women -- Issues Related to the Modern-Day Female Offender Population -- The Female Inmate Subculture and Coping in Prison -- Considerations for Female Offenders -- Domestic Violence -- Physical and Sexual Abuse -- Sex Industry Activity and Sexually Transmitted Diseases -- Drugs -- Violent Crime -- Mental Health Issues -- Female Offenders as Mothers -- Conditions of Care for Female Offenders -- Cross-National Perspective 10.1: Free to Grow Up: Home for Female Inmates With Children in Europe -- Corrections and the Law 10.1: Legal Issues Regarding Female Offenders in Jail and Prison -- Guiding Principles to Improve Services for Female Offenders -- The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 Revisited -- Technology and Equipment 10.1: Evaluating the Use of Radio Frequency Identification Device Technology to Prevent and Investigate Sexual Assaults in a Correctional Setting -- Female Offenders and Treatment Implications -- Conclusion -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Applied Exercise 10.1 -- What Would You Do? -- ch. 11 Specialized Inmate Populations -- Nae-Nae, a Transsexual Behind Bars -- Introduction -- Administrative Considerations -- Access to Program Activities and Availability -- Separate Care or Inclusion in General Population -- Special Facilities and Housing Accommodations -- Special Facilities and Support -- Prison Subculture and Special Needs Offenders -- Mentally III Offenders -- Corrections and the Law 11.1: The Case of Ruiz v. Estelle and Mental Illness in Prison Environments -- Access to Care: The Four Standards of Mental Health Care -- Screening, Treatment, and Medication -- Beyond Screening: Mental Health Assessment -- Malingering -- Broad Array of Pathology -- Applied Theory 11.1: Individual Trait Criminological Theories and Criminal Activity -- Impact of Institutionalization on Mental Illness -- Sex Offenders -- Assessment and Classification -- Basic Sex Offender Management -- Staff Issues With the Sex Offender Population in Prison -- Treatment of Sex Offenders -- Prison Subcultural Reactions and Treatment -- HIV/AIDS-Related Offenders -- Inmate Medical Care and HIV/AIDS -- Improvements in Medical Services for Inmates With HIV/AIDS -- Rights to Privacy and Inmate Subcultural Views -- Technology and Equipment 11.1: Telemedicine Can Cut Medical Costs for Inmate Populations -- HIV/AIDS and Custodial Staff Safety -- Legal Liabilities for Staff -- Safety, Security, and Assistance for LGBTI Inmates -- Elderly Offenders -- Cross-National Perspective 11.1: Japan to Upgrade Care of Elderly Inmates -- Classification of Elderly Offenders -- Elderly First-Time Offenders -- Habitual Elderly Offenders -- Offenders-Turned-Elderly-in-Prison -- Health Care Services and Costs -- Conclusion -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Applied Exercise 11.1 -- What Would You Do? -- ch. 12 Juvenile Correctional Systems -- A Game of Yahoo Gone Bad -- Introduction -- History of Juvenile Corrections -- English Origins -- Evolution of Juvenile Corrections in the United States -- Cross-National Perspective 12.1: Overview of Family Court Jurisdiction in Juvenile Cases in Japan -- Legal Precepts and Orientation of the Juvenile Justice System -- Juvenile Rights -- Processes Involved With Juveniles in Custody -- Corrections and the Law 12.1: Miller v. Alabama (2012) -- Screening and Classification of Juvenile Offenders -- Emphasis on Treatment -- Focus Topic 12.1: Adolescents With Mental Health Needs -- Commonality of Juvenile as Victim of Prior Abuse -- Types of Child Abuse and Detection of Abuse -- Applied Theory 12.1: Adolescent-Limited Versus Life-Course-Persistent Juvenile Offenders: The Theoretical Work of Terrie Moffitt -- Female Juveniles in Custody -- Juvenile Gang Members -- Lifestyle, Peer Groups, and Youth Subculture -- Reasons for Joining -- Detention Versus Incarceration -- Juvenile Waiver for Serious Juvenile Offenders -- Incarceration of Juveniles -- Secure Correctional Facilities and Youth -- Technology and Equipment 12.1: Using COMPSTAT in Juvenile Corrections -- Disparate Minority Confinement (DMC) and Factors Associated With DMC -- Current Status of Disparity in Juvenile Detention and Incarceration -- The PREA and Juvenile Facility Standards -- Conclusion -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Key Cases -- Applied Exercise 12.1 -- What Would You Do? -- ch. 13 Correctional Administration -- Sexual Harassment and Prison Culture -- Introduction -- Federal Bureau of Prisons Administration -- Central Office -- Regional Offices and Jurisdictions -- Correctional System Administration -- At the State Level -- At the Local Level -- Levels of Prison Management -- System-Wide Administrators -- Focus Topic 13.1: Strategic Plan for the Texas Department of Criminal Justice[—]Institutional Division -- Regional Administrators -- Institutional-Level Administrators -- Styles of Management -- Proactive Correctional Management -- Focus Topic 13.2: Job Duties of a Warden -- Authoritarian Forms of Management -- Bureaucratic Forms of Management -- The Participative Method of Management -- Focus Topic 13.3: Back to the Future in Prison Management -- Centralized Versus Decentralized Management -- Management Versus Leadership -- Experience, Intelligence, and Emotional Intelligence in Leadership -- Leadership and the Custodial Staff (What Gets Respect) -- Span of Control and/or Influence -- Women in Correctional Management -- Technology and Equipment 13.1: Strategic Planning Process in Determining the Acquisition of Technology and Equipment for Facility Security Purposes -- Challenges to Upward Mobility -- Prison System Culture -- The Corrections Workforce -- Racial and Cultural Diversity -- Professionalization of Corrections -- Professionalization of Correctional Officers and the Convict Code -- Emergency Management -- Gauging the Climate -- Applied Theory 13.1: Conflict Theory and Prison Management -- Gang Management Data -- Administrative Cooperation With Outside Agencies -- Corrections and the Law 13.1: Conditions of Confinement and Case Law[—]Implications from Wilson v. Seiter -- Conclusion -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Applied Exercise 13.1 -- What Would You Do? -- ch. 14 Prison Programming -- Roderick's New Chapter -- Introduction -- Medical Care -- History of Prison Health Care -- Deliberate Indifference Revisited --, and Contents note continued: The Lifestyle of Offenders Inside and Outside -- Clinics, Sick Call, and Standards of Care -- Medical Services for Female Inmates -- Birth Control and Pregnancy -- Abortion -- Food Service -- Planning the Menu -- Training Requirements -- The Quality of Food as Leverage for Social Control -- Educational Programs -- Educational Programs Throughout History -- Types of Education Programs in Corrections -- Celebrating Achievements -- Prison Work Programs -- Inmate Labor Throughout History -- The History of Inmate Labor in a Model Program: UNICOR -- Other Prison Work Programs -- The Texas Prison Industry[—]Texas Correctional Industries -- Drug Treatment Programs -- Peer Support Groups -- The Therapeutic Community -- The Benefits of Substance Abuse Treatment in Corrections -- Recreational Programs -- History -- Technology and Equipment 14.1: Computerized and Web-Enabled Addiction Severity Index -- Focus Topic 14.1: Drug Treatment Reduces Violent Crime and Incarceration in the State of California -- Applied Theory 14.1: Social Learning and Behavior Management -- Recreational Programming -- Benefits for Inmates and Institutions -- Focus Topic 14.2: The NCRA Position Statement on Weight Lifting Programs in Correctional Settings -- Recreational Programs as Tools for Rehabilitation -- Religious Programs -- History of Religion in Corrections -- Religious Diets and Holy Days -- Corrections and the Law 14.1: Legal Issues and Religious Practices -- Chaplain Functions and the ACCA -- Focus Topic 14.3: Focus From the Inside with Roland "Raul" Drummer; Criminal Charge: Aggravated Battery and Attempted Armed Robbery -- Cross-National Perspective 14.1: The Prison System of France and the Muslim Inmate Population -- Religious Volunteers -- Are Inmates Really Motivated by Religion? -- Conclusion -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Key Cases -- Applied Exercise 14.1 -- What Would You Do? -- ch. 15 Parole and Reintegration -- Making Parole -- Introduction -- Parole and Parolee Characteristics -- The Beginning History of Parole -- Applied Theory 15.1: Braithwaite's Crime, Shame, and Reintegration as Related to Parole -- Parole From 1960 Onward -- History of Federal Parole and Supervised Release -- Parole at the State Level -- The Granting of Parole in State Systems -- Parole as the Correctional Release Valve for Prisons -- The Role of Institutional Parole Officers -- Corrections and the Law 15.1: Liability of Parole Board Members for Violation of Substantive or Procedural Rights -- Cross-National Perspective 15.1: Parole Officers in Canada -- Common Conditions of Parole -- Technology and Equipment 15.1: Global Positioning System for High-Risk Gang Offenders in California -- Reentry Initiatives -- Focus Topic 15.1: Freedman Inc. Halfway House for Offenders Released From Prison -- Violations of Parole, Parole Warrants, and Parole Revocation Proceedings -- Conclusion -- Focus Topic 15.2: Reentry in Louisiana -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Key Cases -- Applied Exercise 15.1 -- What Would You Do? -- ch. 16 The Death Penalty -- The Death Penalty Song -- Introduction -- Constitutionality of the Death Penalty -- Constitutional Limits on the Death Penalty -- Key U.S. Supreme Court Decisions -- Death Row Statistics -- An Analysis of Persons on Death Row -- Race of Offender and Victim in Death Penalty Cases -- Corrections and the Law 16.1: Racism and the Death Penalty: The Supreme Court Case of Miller-El v. Cockrell (2003) -- Focus Topic 16.1: Women Who Have Been Executed Since Gregg v. Georgia (1976) -- Federal Death Penalty and Death Row -- Cross-National Perspective 16.1: Nations That Impose the Death Penalty for Drug Offenses -- Methods of Execution -- Focus Topic 16.2: Special Confinement Unit Opens at USP Terre Haute -- Execution by Lethal Injection -- Execution by Electrocution -- Execution by Lethal Gas -- Arguments For and Against the Death Penalty -- Deterrence -- Retribution -- Arbitrariness -- Technology and Equipment 16.1: The Use of DNA Technology Frees Death Row Inmates, Brings Others to Justice -- Brutalization Hypothesis -- Applied Theory 16.1: Death Penalty and Rational Choice Theory -- Correctional Aspects of the Death Penalty -- Conclusion -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Key Cases -- Applied Exercise 16.1 -- What Would You Do? -- ch. 17 Program Evaluation, Evidence-Based Practices, and Future Trends in Corrections -- Research-Based Funding Decisions for Rehabilitation in Thailand -- Introduction -- Evaluation Research -- Implementation Evaluation -- Process Evaluation -- Outcome Evaluation -- Focus Topic 17.1: Commonly Used Measures of Reentry Program Performance -- Program Quality and Staffing Quality -- Applied Theory 17.1: The Tenets of Classical Criminology and the HOPE Program: A Swift and Certain Process for Probationers -- Feedback Loops and Continual Improvement -- Community Harm With Ineffective Programs, Separating Politics From Science in the Evaluative Process -- Focus Topic 17.2: What Are Policies, Activities, Goals, and Objectives? -- Cross-National Perspective 17.1: Research Project to Formulate the Offender Rehabilitation Act of Thailand -- Evidence-Based Practice -- Research Evaluation for Effectiveness of Evidence-Based Practices -- The Future of Corrections -- Corrections and the Law 17.1: Challenges of Conducting Research in Prisons -- Privatization in Corrections -- Increased Use of Technology -- Standards and Accreditation -- An Emphasis on Cultural Competence Will Continue to Be Important -- An Emphasis Will Be Placed on Employment Programs -- Processing of Geriatric Offenders Will Be Shifted to Community Supervision Schemes -- Technology and Equipment 17.1: Evaluating Video Visitation Technology for Prisons -- Media and Political Interest in Correctional Operations -- Conclusion -- Discussion Questions -- Key Terms -- Applied Exercise 17.1 -- What Would You Do?.
- 9781506306759 (pbk. : alk. paper) and 1506306756 (pbk. : alk. paper)
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references (pages 451-463) and index.
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