- Machine generated contents note: Section I Introduction -- 1.On defining addiction / Nick Heather -- Section II Philosophical foundations -- 2.How do you know you have a drug problem? The role of knowledge of negative consequences in explaining drug choice in humans and rats / Serge H. Ahmed -- 3.Addiction: the pleasures and perils of operant behavior / Bennett Foddy -- 4.Willing addicts? Drinkers, dandies, druggies, and other Dionysians / Owen Flanagan -- 5.Failures of rationality and self-knowledge in addiction / Thomas Crowther -- 6.Normal and addictive desires / David Papineau -- 7.Addiction, compulsion, and weakness of the will: a dual-process perspective / Edmund Henden -- 8.Addiction as a form of akrasia / Nick Heather -- Section III Perspectives from neuroscience -- 9.Compulsion and choice in addiction / Kent Berridge -- 10.Choice in addiction: a neural tug of war between impulse and insight / Marc D. Lewis -- 11.Assessing drug choice in human addiction: costs, benefits, and findings from current research paradigms / Rita Z. Goldstein -- 12.The role of the insula in goal-directed drug seeking and choice in addiction / Antoine Bechara -- Section IV Perspectives from behavioral economics and cognitive psychology -- 13.Palpating the elephant: current theories of addiction in light of hyperbolic delay discounting / George Ainslie -- 14.Addiction as social choice / Howard Rachlin -- 15.Nonconscious motivational influences on cognitive processes in addictive behaviors / Javad S. Fadardi -- 16.Self-regulation, controlled processes, and the treatment of addiction / Roy F. Baumeister -- Section V Implications for treatment, prevention, and public health -- 17.The blindfold of addiction / Beth Burgess -- 18.Behavioral economics as a framework for brief motivational interventions to reduce addictive behaviors / Ali M. Yurasek -- 19.Role of choice biases and choice architecture in behavioral economic strategies to reduce addictive behaviors / JeeWon Cheong -- 20.How an addict's power of choice is lost and can be regained / Gabriel Segal -- Section VI Implications for the public understanding of addiction and for legal responsibility for addictive behavior -- 21.What addicts can teach us about addiction: a natural history approach / Verna Mims -- 22.How a stigmatic structure enslaves addicts / Beth Burgess -- 23.Addiction, choice, and criminal law / Stephen J. Morse -- Section VII Conclusions -- 24.Ambiguous terms and false dichotomies / Gabriel Segal -- 25.Overview of addiction as a disorder of choice and future prospects / Nick Heather.
- The central problem in the study of addiction is to explain why people repeatedly behave in ways they know are bad for them. For much of the previous century and until the present day, the majority of scientific and medical attempts to solve this problem were couched in terms of involuntary behaviour; if people behave in ways they do not want, then this must be because the behaviour is beyond their control and outside the realm of choice. An opposing tradition, which finds current support among scientists and scholars as well as members of the general public, is that so-called addictive behavior reflects an ordinary choice just like any other and that the concept of addiction is a myth. The editors and authors of this book tend to take neither view. There has been an increasing recognition in recent literature on addiction that restricting possible conceptions of it to either of these extreme positions is unhelpful and is retarding progress on understanding the nature of addiction and what could be done about it.0This book contains a range of views from philosophy, neuroscience, psychiatry, psychology and the law on what exactly this middle ground between free choice and no choice consists of and what its implications are for theory, practice and policy on addiction. The result amounts to a profound change in our thinking on addiction and how its devastating consequences can be ameliorated. Addiction and Choice is a thought provoking new volume for all those with an interest in this global issue.
- 9780198727224 hardback and 0198727224 hardback
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
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