Respecting toleration : traditional liberalism and contemporary diversity / Peter Balint
- Balint, Peter, 1971-
- Oxford, United Kingdom ; New York, NY : Oxford University Press, 2017.
- First edition.
- Physical Description:
- viii, 167 pages ; 24 cm
- Machine generated contents note: 1.A Tolerant Society -- Three Challenges for Toleration -- Diversity -- Accommodating Diversity -- Justifying Toleration -- Traditional Liberalism and Toleration -- Two Types of Agent: State and Citizen -- The Role of Principles -- Outline of the Book -- 2.Understanding Political Toleration -- Being `Tolerant' -- Specific Acts of Tolerance -- Toleration as a General Political Practice -- Toleration and State Neutrality -- Further Challenges to Political Toleration -- Understanding State Objection -- Locating State Power -- The `Symmetry Thesis' -- Alternative Solutions to the Problem of Political Toleration -- Separating the Site of Power from the Site of Objection -- Transformative Ideals -- The `Respect Conception' of Toleration -- Conclusion -- 3.Active Indifference: A Neutral and Accommodating State -- Challenging Neutrality -- Conceptions of Neutrality -- Why Care about Neutrality? -- Active Indifference -- Why `Hands Off' Is Better than `Hands On' -- Identity and Recognition -- Not Distinguishing between Mere Preferences and Deeply Held Beliefs -- Conclusion -- 4.Tolerance and the Citizen -- An Act of Tolerance -- Objecting to Some Thing -- The Power (Including Both Opportunity and Willingness) to Interfere Negatively with the Thing or Its Holder -- Intentionally Not Negatively Interfering with the Thing or Its Holder -- Reducing Intolerance -- Tolerance and the State -- A Tolerant Disposition -- Conclusion -- 5.Against Respecting Each Others' Differences -- An Obligation to Respect Difference? -- Appraisal Respect for Difference -- Recognition Respect for Difference -- Directly Respecting Particular Differences -- Respect-for-Persons Entailing Respect for Difference -- Trying to Respect -- Being Deemed `Respect-worthy' -- Tolerance and Respect -- Conclusion -- 6.Practising Toleration -- The Weightiness of Neutrality -- Welfare Redistribution -- Defending the Nation -- Dealing with Difference -- Mosques -- Driver's Licence Photos -- Discretion -- Indigeneity -- The Boundaries of Toleration -- Conclusion -- 7.Conclusion.
- The question of toleration matters more than ever. The politics of the twenty-first century is replete with both the successes and, all too often, the failures of toleration. Yet a growing number of thinkers and practitioners have argued against toleration. Some believe that liberal democracies are better served by different principles, such as respect of, or recognition for, people's ways of life. Others argue that because the liberal state should be entirely neutral or indifferent towards people's ways of life, it can no longer be tolerant - it has no grounds on which it can object, and so there is nothing left to tolerate. Respecting Toleration provides a new, original, and provocative take on the question of toleration and its application to the politics of contemporary diversity. Peter Balint argues for both the conceptual coherence and normative desirability of toleration and neutrality. He argues that it is these principles which best realise the basic liberal good of people living their lives as they see fit, rather than appealing to principles of recognition or respect for difference. While those who criticised liberalism's failings in dealing with the claims of diversity had justification, it is the tenets of traditional liberalism that hold the answer. Respecting Toleration argues that if one cares about people living divergent lives, then it is liberal toleration that should be respected by legislators and policy makers, and not people's differences.
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references (pages 149-162) and index.
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